Kant and the Mind
Kant made a number of highly original discoveries about the mind--about its ability to synthesize a single, coherent representation of self and world, about the unity it must have to do so, and about the mind's awareness of itself and the semantic apparatus it uses to achieve this awareness. The past fifty years have seen intense activity in research on human cognition. Even so, not only have Kant's discoveries not been superseded, some of them have not even been assimilated into current thinking. That is particularly true of his work on unity and on the semantic apparatus of self-awareness.
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The contemporary relevance of Kants work
2 Kant functionalism and cognitive science
3 The resistance of materialists
Kants theory of the subject
the unity of experience
3 Kants doctrine of synthesis
4 The unity of consciousness
5 The kind of unity we have
Kants diagnosis of the Second Paralogism
1 The Paralogisms
2 Three claims from the subjective deduction
the strategies of rational psychology
4 The arguments for the Second Paralogism
5 The fourth part of Kants discussion
The Third Paralogism unity without identity over time
1 Situating the Third Paralogism
the mind as a representation
Kants conception of awareness and selfawareness
outer and inner sense
2 Two forms of selfawareness
awareness without selfawareness?
4 What is special about apperceptive selfawareness?
Kants theory of apperceptive selfawareness
the referential base of selfawareness
2 The sources of selfawareness
theory of the representational base
4 Why apperceptive selfawareness is the way it is
transcendental and empirical aspects of the self
The mind in the Critique of Pure Reason
1 Kants critical project and how the mind fits into it
2 The location of the subjective deduction in the first edition
synthesis and selfawareness
4 The mind and its awareness of itself in the second edition
5 The Fourth Paralogism and the Refutation of Idealism
6 Interpretive perplexities
The firstedition subjective deduction the object of one experience
I SYNTHESIS AND UNITY
2 Kitcher and Kants doctrine of synthesis
3 Apprehension reproduction and recognition in concepts
4 Apperception and the unity of individual objects
the unity of all appearances
6 Synchronic unity
II THE STRANGE CASE OF SELFAWARENESS AND THE DEDUCTION
2 Why did Kant introduce selfawareness into the deduction?
Z The structure of Kants discussion
3 Does unity or memory require identity?
4 Kant and Hume versus Butler and Reid and Strawson too
5 To what extent is the unity of consciousness diachronic?
time is in me
7 Identifying the subject with an object
8 Results and attitude
The secondedition subjective deduction selfrepresenting representations
2 The secondedition Transcendental Deduction
synthesis in the second edition
the new version of the central argument
5 The mind as representation
6 Selfrepresentation and selfawareness
Nature and awareness of the self
2 Is a subject merely a formal requirement?
empirical versus transcendental apperception foundationalism
selfawareness and the noumenal mind
5 Why immediate awareness of the noumenal mind is not knowledge
6 Why did Kant claim that we are immediately aware of the noumenal mind?
the mind in the two versions of the deduction
8 Concluding remarks
actually Allison Amphiboly appear apperception argue argument aware of oneself awareness of ourselves awarenessRR Categories claim cognitive cognitive science common subject concepts Critique Dennett Descartes discussion distinction doctrine of synthesis earlier empirical functions global object global representation Guyer homunculus Hume idea immediate awareness infer inner sense intentional object Intentional Stance intuition judgement Kant says Kant seems Kant thought Kant's attack Kant's theory kind Kitcher knowledge least Leibniz manifold memory mind's nonascriptive notion noumenal objects of representation oneself as subject passage perception personal identity philosophers picture possible priori psychological question rational psychology reason recognition recognize reference remarks repre representation of objects representational base representations and/or represented objects requires RPsy second edition Second Paralogism Section self-awareness self-reference sensible sentations simple awareness soul is simple Strawson subjective deduction talking tation theory of mind things Third Paralogism topic transcendental unified awareness unity of consciousness