Kants Vorsehungskonzept Auf Dem Hintergrund der Deutschen Schulphilosophie Und -Theologie

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BRILL, 2007 - History - 532 pages
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It is widely agreed that Protestant scholasticism influenced Kant's thinking on the question of Divine Providence. But the nature and extent of that influence have never been explored in detail. This is the scholarly lacuna the present volume seeks to fill. It shows how Kant, from his pre-Critical period onward, grappled with the concept of Divine Providence, sought to subjectivize and naturalize it, and how Protestant scholasticism played an important role, both positive and negative, in this endeavor. It also makes clear how this critical philosophical conversation gave rise to a powerful notion of the progress of the human species - a vital part of the Enlightenment's enduring legacy. This study thus provides not only a unique theological-philosophical overview of 18th-century speculation on the question of Divine Providence; it also sheds important new light on the significance of the German Enlightenment.
 

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Contents

Kurzer Überblick über die Vorsehungslehre
5
Bedeutende Einflüsse außerhalb der Schulphilosophie
31
Christian Wolff 16791754
59
Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten 17141762
81
Christian August Crusius 17121775
91
Moses Mendelssohn 17281786
109
Hermann Samuel Reimarus 16941768
127
Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem 17091789
143
Die Nova dilucidatio 1755 und De mundi
259
Der einzig mögliche Beweisgrund 1763
265
Beobachtungen über das Gefühl des Schönen
287
Träume eines Geistersehers 1766
293
DerkritischeKantimÜberblick
301
Religionsphilosophie und Metaphysik
309
KantsTeleologie
379
KantsAnthropologie
415

Siegmund Jacob Baumgarten 17061757
159
Johann Friedrich Stapfer 17081775
183
Das Optimismusfragment 17531755
219
Die Frage ob die Erde veralte physikalisch
225
Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie
237
Geschichtsphilosophie und Politische Philosophie
429
Zusammenfassung
465
Literaturverzeichnis
485
Register
521
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Ulrich L. Lehner is Professor of Religious History at Marquette University, Milwaukee. A member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, he has received awards and fellowships from the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, the Notre Dame Institute of Advanced Study, the Earhart Foundation, the German Humboldt Foundation and the Carl Friedrich von Siemens Foundation. He is the award-winning author of several scholarly works on early modern and modern history of religion.

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