Kierkegaard and the Art of Irony
The tendency of many scholars to interpret Kierkegaard's works as a unified system of "indirect communication" that obliquely hints at an underlying ontology or a set of ethical principles is fundamentally misguided, says philosopher Roy Martinez. Kierkegaard's discourse is essentially rhetorical and irony is the chief strategy of his rhetoric. Kierkegaard's use of irony assumes a very special role, according to Martinez, for it becomes emblematic of Kierkegaard's unique view of faith. Through this rhetorical posture Kierkegaard succeeds in simultaneously holding back from the "cosmic march" of events while still remaining fully engaged in the urgent demands of life. Irony thus becomes the poetic medium par excellence.
Martinez focuses on Kierkegaard's use of pseudonyms, the chief expression of his ironical art. The role of pseudonymity is considered in connection with Kierkegaard's critique of Augustine's concept of faith, the Socratic concern with self-knowledge, Judge Wilhelm as a caricature of Socrates, Kierkegaard's place in the hermeneutic project, his notion of "inward deepening," and the ethical reality of other persons in relation to the single individual. Martinez also explores the self-referential character of the pseudonymous author of Fear and Trembling, Johannes de Silentio.
Martinez's close reading of Kierkegaard's texts in the original Danish makes this work an exemplary study for students and scholars alike.
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Kierkegaards Critique of Augustines Concept of Faith
An Exercise in Kierkegaardian Aporetics
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Abraham absolute Anti-Climacus Apology Aristotle attempt Augustine Augustine's authorship becomes believe Caputo Christian claims Climacus Concept of Dread concept of faith Concept of Irony concern Concluding Unscientific Postscript considers deepening demoniacal Descartes despair Dialectic discourse divine Either/Or elenchus elenctic episteme essay eternal ethical Euthyphro existential expression fact Fear and Trembling finite flux freedom Gadamer Greek Haufniensis Heidegger human existence Ibid imagination implies individual's infinite resignation Johannes de Silentio Judge Wilhelm Kierkegaardian knight of faith knowledge living means metaphysical moral object one's oneself Paul Ricoeur person pistis Plato poet poetic possibility Princeton University Press pseudonymous Purity of Heart question radical hermeneutics reader reality reason refers reflection relation religious repetition rhetoric romantic S0ren sense Sickness unto Death Socratic inwardness Soren Kierkegaard soul spiritual suffering temporal things thought tion trans truth understanding virtue Vlastos Walter Lowrie Walter Lowrie Princeton words writes