Kingship and Sacrifice: Ritual and Society in Ancient Hawaii
Valeri presents an overview of Hawaiian religious culture, in which hierarchies of social beings and their actions are mirrored by the cosmological hierarchy of the gods. As the sacrifice is performed, the worshipper is incorporated into the god of his class. Thus he draws on divine power to sustain the social order of which his action is a part, and in which his own place is determined by the degree of his resemblance to his god. The key to Hawaiian society—and a central focus for Valeri—is the complex and encompassing sacrificial ritual that is the responsibility of the king, for it displays in concrete actions all the concepts of pre-Western Hawaiian society. By interpreting and understanding this ritual cycle, Valeri contends, we can interpret all of Hawaiian religious culture.
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Summary of Hawaiian Theology
The Elements of Sacrifice
Gods and Humans
The Hierarchy of Sacrifices
Sacrifice and Kingship
The Hierarchy of Temples
The Sacrifice of the Hawaiian King
According to Malo aha hulahula ahupua'a akua ali'i altar animal associated aumakua Beckwith called canoe chant coconuts consecrated Cook cord death deities divine efficacy Ellis Emerson in Malo example fact feather festival firstfruits firstfruits sacrifice fish Fornander god's goddesses Haku ohi'a hale o Papa Handy and Pukui Haumea Hawaii Hawaiian heiau hierarchical high priest Hikiau human sacrifice ibid images impure island of Hawai'i Kahiki Kahoali'i kahuna Kamapua'a Kamehameha Kanaloa Kane kapu Kaua'i kauila Kepelino king king's Kuka'ilimoku Kumulipo land lele Lono Lonomakua loulu luakini temple major gods Makahiki Malo's manifestations means metaphor Mooolelo Moreover myth natural O'ahu offering ohi'a-lehua Pa'ao performed Pleiades prayer rank relation relationship represents reproduced rite S. M. Kamakau sacred Samwell seems social society sorcery species symbolic taboo taro temple ritual Thrum tion transformation transgressor translation tree ulua Valeri Wakea women worship