Knowledge Integration and Innovation: Critical Challenges Facing International Technology-Based Firms
Christian Berggren, Anna Bergek, Lars Bengtsson, Michael Hobday, Jonas Söderlund
OUP Oxford, Jan 24, 2013 - Business & Economics - 312 pages
Technology-based firms continue to compete primarily on innovation, and are continuously required to present new solutions to an exacting market. As technological complexity and specialization intensifies, firms increasingly need to integrate and co-ordinate knowledge by means of project groups, diversified organizations, inter-organizational partnerships, and strategic alliances. Innovation processes have progressively become interdisciplinary, collaborative, inter-organizational, and international, and a firm's ability to synthesize knowledge across disciplines, organizations, and geographical locations has a major influence on its viability and success. This book demonstrates how knowledge integration is crucial in facilitating innovation within modern firms. It provides original, detailed empirical studies of prerequisites, mechanisms, and outcomes of knowledge integration processes on several organizational levels, from key individuals, projects, and internal organizations, to collaboration between firms. It stresses the need to understand knowledge integration as a multi-level phenomenon, which requires a broad repertoire of organizational and technical means. It further clarifies the need for strong internal capabilities for exploiting external knowledge, reveals how costs of knowledge integration affect outcomes and strategic decisions, and discusses the managerial implications of fostering knowledge integration, providing practical guidance and support for managers of knowledge integration in high-technology enterprises.
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activities analysis Asea Asea’s beneﬁts Bengtsson Berggren Brusoni challenges chapter collaboration combination Combitech competence competitive components concept conﬂicts context Corporate cost creative accumulation cross-functional teams deadlines deﬁned deﬁnitions difﬁcult dynamic efﬁciency Eisenhardt empirical engineers external ﬁeld ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁndings Firm ﬁrms ﬁrst ﬂexibility focus gas turbines global HVDC hybrid car identiﬁed implies important individuals industry inﬂuence integrate knowledge integration and innovation integration capabilities integration mechanisms inter-ﬁrm interaction interdependencies internal inventors investments involved knowledge bases knowledge creation knowledge integration processes learning Lindkvist Linkoping Linkoping University literature ment modular product Nonaka Organization Science organizational outcomes outsourcing manufacturing P-form patent performance power-train problem-solving problems of cooperation product architectures product development project epoch project managers project-based reﬂection requirements Research Policy Resource-based View role signiﬁcant situations social social capital speciﬁc strategy subsystems Sweden tacit knowledge task technical tion trade-offs understanding