Knowledge Sharing in Professions: Roles and Identity in Expert Communities
No professional is an island. Despite their capacity to monopolize and erect entry barriers in terms of either formal credentials or membership of certain organizations, professionalism is inextricably bound up with collective accomplishments on a day-to-day basis and the capacity to share all the resources that constitute the professional domain of expertise. Knowledge Sharing in Professions looks at professionalism as a form of systematic and institutionalized knowledge sharing. It analyses professionalism through the everyday practices in professional communities and the organizations where they work. Three empirical studies, of pharmaceutical clinical trials researchers, management consultants, and architects, are presented, serving to illustrate the relational nature of these and other professions, and how members of professional communities are constantly exchanging data, information, and know-how in their everyday work. Alexander Styhre seeks to understand the role of professions and other forms of experts in contemporary society on the basis of complementary perspectives, that is to say, the communal and collegial nature of professional work. This book represents a valuable contribution both to the sociological literature on professions and the business orientated literature on knowledge management and should promote further new research on professionalism.
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81 London action activities actors agency architects architecture basis Bechky beliefs biopolitics building capable capacity Cetina clients clinical team leader clinical trial cognitive collaboration competencies concept constituted construction creative culture decision-making decisions deﬁned deﬁnition demands domain of expertise domains of jurisdiction double-entry book-keeping drug development economic emphasizes enacted ethnomethodology everyday expert ﬁeld ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrm ﬁrst formal human ideas ideologies images individual inﬂuence innovation instance institutions interaction know-how knowledge claims knowledge management knowledge sharing knowledge workers laboratory Le Corbusier learning management consultants managerial material mathematical neoliberal norms numbers Nutch objects operate organizational Oxford perspective pharmaceutical companies pharmaceutical industry political procedures produced professional communities professional groups professions reﬂections regime role Science scientiﬁc scientists signiﬁcant skills social society Sociology sociomaterial practices Southville speaking-partner speciﬁc storytelling structure suggests tacit knowledge technologies theoretical thinking understanding University Press visual representations