Komplexität: Entwurfsstrategie und Weltbild

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Andrea Gleiniger, Georg Vrachliotis
Walter de Gruyter, Nov 5, 2012 - Architecture - 128 pages

Digitalization has transformed the discourse of architecture: that discourse is now defined by a wealth of new terms and concepts that previously either had no meaning, or had different meanings, in the context of architectural theory and design. Its concepts and strategies are increasingly shaped by influences emerging at the intersection with scientific and cultural notions from modern information technology. The series Context Architecture seeks to take a critical selection of concepts that play a vital role in the current discourse and put them up for discussion.

When Vitruvius described the architect as a "uomo universale," he gave rise to the architect’s conception of him- or herself as a generalist who shapes a complex reality. The architectural concept of complexity, however, failed to keep pace with industrial and social reality, becoming instead an increasingly formal and superficial notion that could ultimately be applied to almost anything.

Against it, architectural modernism set the watchword of simplification: "less is more." In this situation, Robert Venturi reintroduced the notion of complexity into architectural discourse: his goal was not just to restore the complexity of architectonic forms and their history but also to explore the concrete reality of the existing built environment.

Today it is complexity studies, with their starting point in physics, that define the current approach to the concept of complexity. They have established a new connection between the natural sciences and information technology and have thus become a central premise of computer-based approaches to design.

 

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Contents

EDITORIAL
7
AUSZÜGE AUS DER MASTERTHESIS MFA UNIVERSITÄT PRINCETON 1950
13
KONTEXT UND KOMPLEXITÄT
25
DAS SCHWIERIGE GANZE ODER DIE WIEDERENTDECKUNG DER KOMPLEXITÄT IN DER ARCHITEKTUR ...
37
POPPERS MÜCKENSCHWARM ARCHITEKTUR KYBERNETIK UND DIE OPERATIONALISIERUNG VON KOMPLEXITÄT ...
59
AUS DEM NIRGENDWO
75
KOMPLEXITÄT STRATEGIEN IHRER GESTALTUNG IN NATUR GESELLSCHAFT UND ARCHITEKTUR ...
89
KOMPLEXITÄT UND KLIMA
99
ACH LUISE LASS DAS IST EIN ZU WEITES FELD ODER DER GORDISCHE KNOTEN DER KOMPLEXITÄT ...
109
Appendix
117
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Andrea Gleiniger, Dr. phil., Kunst- und Architekturhistorikerin, lehrt und forscht an der Zürcher Hochschule der Künste.

Georg Vrachliotis, Architekt und Architekturtheoretiker, lehrt und forscht am Departement Architektur, Professur für Computer-Aided Architectural Design der ETH Zürich.

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