Kongo in the Age of Empire, 1860–1913: The Breakdown of a Moral Order
This richly documented account of the arrival of rubber traders, new Christian missionaries, and the Portuguese colonial state in the Kongo realm is told from the perspective of the kingdom's inhabitants. Jelmer Vos shows that both Africans and Europeans were able to forward differing social, political, and economic agendas as Kongo's sacred city of São Salvador became a vital site for the expansion of European imperialism in Central Africa. Kongo people, he argues, built on the kingdom's long familiarity with Atlantic commerce and cultures to become avid intermediaries in a new system of colonial trade and mission schools.
Vos underlines that Kongo's incorporation in the European state system also had tragic consequences, including the undermining of local African structures of authority—on which the colonial system actually depended. Kongo in the Age of Empire carefully documents the involvement of Kongo's royal court in the exercise of Portuguese rule in northern Angola and the ways that Kongo citizens experienced colonial rule as an increasingly illegitimate extension of royal power.
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1ª Rep African agents Agua Rosada AHNA Ambriz António Barroso Arquivo Bakongo Baptist Church Baptist missionaries Bentley Brásio BSGL Buta Buta’s Cabinda caixa caravan carriers Catholic mission Chavanne Christian coast colonial government colonial rule Congo Free Congo Kings Congo River cult Damba early colonial economic elites export factories Governador do Congo Henrique História hut tax ibid José Kiditu king of Kongo king’s Kingdom of Kongo Kivuzi Kongo capital Kongo chiefs Kongo kingdom Kongo politics Lewis Lisbon lower Congo Luanda MacGaffey maço Madimba Makuta Manuel Maquela do Zombo Mbemba Memórias d’África Missão Moreira MSENMU Ndongo Nederlandsch Noqui northern Angola official Padre pasta Pedro Portugal Portugal’s Portuguese empire priests Primitive Bakongo rebels region reis Reisen und Forschungen Relatório revolt royal Salvador do Congo São Salvador Secretaria SEMU-DGU SEMU/MU-DGU/DGC Seven Congo Kings slave trade slavery Tomé traditional Tulante University Press Vansina villages violence women workers Zombo