Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties, and Shifting Boundaries

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SUNY Press, Feb 12, 2004 - Political Science - 186 pages
Kurdish nationalism remains one of the most critical and explosive problems of the Middle East. Despite its importance, the topic remains on the margins of Middle East Studies. Bringing the study of Kurdish nationalism into the mainstream of Middle East scholarship, Hakan Özogálu examines the issue in the context of the Ottoman Empire. Using a wealth of primary sources, including Ottoman and British archives, Ottoman Parliamentary minutes, memoirs, and interviews, he focuses on revealing the social, political, and historical forces behind the emergence and development of Kurdish nationalism. Contrary to the assumption that nationalist movements contribute to the collapse of empires, the book argues that Kurdish leaders remained loyal to the Ottoman state, and only after it became certain that the empire would not recover did Kurdish nationalism emerge and clash with the Kemalist brand of Turkish nationalism.
 

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A worthless book based on another worthless book

Contents

Introduction
A Brief Discussion of Nationalism
Ethnicity Nationalism and the Development of Identity
1
Nationalism in the Kurdish Case
4
Nationalism and Notables in the Ottoman Empire
5
Boundaries of the Research
7
Organization and General Arguments of the Chapters
8
Evolution of Group Identity The Kurds and Kurdistan in Historical Texts
15
The Nationalist Dimension of Kurdish Militancy
64
The Naqshbandi emdinan Family and Sayyid Ubeydullah
66
Two Kurdish Cultural and Political Organizations 190820
71
Kiirt Teavun ve Terakki Cemiyeti or the Society for the Mutual Aid and Progress of Kurdistan SMPK
72
Kurdistan Teali Cemiyeti or the Society for the Advancement of Kurdistan SAK of 1918
75
The Role of Preexisting Ties and Notables in the Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism
81
The Naksibendi Semdinan Family
82
The Bedirhani Family
89

Origin of the Kurds
16
Kurds and Kurdistan in Medieval Sources Serefhan Bitlisi
21
Ahmedi Hani
25
Kurds and Kurdistan in the Late Ottoman Period
29
Semseddin Sami
31
The PostWorld War I Period
32
Conclusion
34
StateTribe Relations Ottoman Empire and Kurdish Tribalism Since the Sixteenth Century
37
Definition of Kurdish Tribes
39
Kurdish Tribalism Prior to the Ottoman Conquest
40
OttomanSafavid Relations and Kurdistan
41
Ottoman Administration in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
45
Ottoman Administration in Kurdistan
47
Decreasing Level of Autonomy
51
Ottoman Administrative Policies in NineteenthCentury Kurdistan
53
Consequences of Ottoman Rule
57
Kurdish Protonationalism? The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
63
Celadet Ali and Kamuran Ali Bedirhan
94
Other Members of the SAK in the Bedirhani Family
96
The Cemilpasazade Family
97
Ekrem Cemilpasa
98
Kadri Cemilpasa Zinar Silopi
100
Shaykh Sefik Efendi Arvasi
102
Mehmet Serif Pasha
104
Bediiizzaman Said Nursi
107
Hizanizade Bitlizli Kemal Fevzi
109
Conclusion
111
Concluding Remarks and Suggestions for Further Research
115
Directions for further Research in the Republican Period
119
Notes
125
Bibliography
153
Index
173
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About the author (2004)

Hakan Özogálu is the Ayasli Senior Lecturer in Turkish Studies at the University of Chicago.

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