Kwéyòl in Postcolonial Saint Lucia: Globalization, Language Planning, and National Development
Can historically marginalized, threatened languages be saved in the contemporary global era? In relation to the wider postcolonial world, especially the Caribbean, this book focuses on efforts to preserve and promote Lesser Antillean French Creole Kwéyòl as the national language of Saint Lucia and on the legacy of colonialism and impact of globalization, with which English has become the universal lingua franca, as mitigating factors undermining these efforts. It deals specifically with language planning for democratization and government; literacy, the schools and higher education; and the mass media. It also examines changes in the status of and attitudes toward Kwéyòl, English and French since national independence and presents language planning implications from these changes and steps already undertaken to elevate Kwéyòl. The book offers new insight into globalization and its impact on linguistic pluralism, language planning, national development, Creole languages, and cultural identity in the Caribbean.
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2 Colonial background
3 Kwéyòl cultural nationalism
4 An Anglophone country in an Englishspeaking world
5 The Francophonie and Créolophonie
6 Government and democracy
7 Literacy the schools and higher education
8 The mass media
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activists African Afro-French Anglophone Anthony Antilles attitudes Bannzil bilingual British West Indies broadcasting Caribbean CARICOM Castries colonial country’s Creole culture Creole language Créolophonie cultural nationalism cultural nationalist Dominica Dutch economic English-speaking example festivals formal France Francophonie French Creole French Creole-speaking French language French West Indies Gaelic global Guadeloupe guage Guarani Haiti Haitian Creole historically independence instruction island Jamaica Jounen Kwéyòl Kwéyòl language Kwéyòl speakers Kwéyòl-speaking language planning language policy linguistic literacy Martinican Martinique Monchy Moreover movement national development national identity national language official language ofthe orthography pan-cultural Papiamentu Patois percent political popular population postcolonial pro-Kwéyòl cultural promote Kwéyòl Quebec regional role rural Saint Lu Saint Lucia Government Saint Lucian Saint Lucian culture Seychellois Creole social society sociolinguistic Spanish speak Kwéyòl spoken Standard English status of Kwéyòl teaching television tion traditional United Kingdom vernacular West Indian zouk