La hija del aire / The Daughter of the Air

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Cátedra, 1987 - Drama - 334 pages
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«La hija del aire» es una de las piezas del ciclo mitológico calderoniano, en las que la fábula se convierte en materia mítica, adquiriendo una nueva energía significante. Semíramis, como Segismundo, pertenece a esa " familia " de héroes calderonianos, que marcados desde antes de su nacimiento por un destino adverso, son encerrados e incomunicados para evitar que se cumpla. La obra remite al modelo dramatúrgico de tragedia calderoniana regida por el mitologema de «monstruo», con la violencia como unidad constitutiva, tanto en el plano semántico como en el formal. Calderón teatraliza así, sutilmente, la dialéctica del poder: la irresistible ascensión desde la nada y el ejercicio y la lucha por mantenerse en él a cualquier precio.

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About the author (1987)

Pedro Calderón de la Barca was born in Madrid, Spain on January 17, 1600. He was educated at the Jesuit College in Madrid. He was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. He wrote more than 120 plays and over 70 allegorical religious plays with subjects from mythology and the Old and the New Testaments. Calderón's debut as a playwright was Amor, Honor y Poder, performed at the Royal Palace. His other plays include La Selva Confusa, Los Macabeos, El Magico Prodigioso, El Alcalde de Zalamea, La Vida Es Sueno, and La Estatua de Prometeo. Calderón gained popularity in the court, and was made a knight of the order of Santiago by Philip IV, who had already commissioned from him a series of plays for the royal theatre in the Buen Retiro palace. Calderón became a tertiary of the order of St Francis in 1650, and then finally joined the priesthood. He was ordained in 1651, and became a priest at San Salvador at Madrid. He was appointed honorary chaplain to Philip IV in 1663, and continued as chaplain to his successor. In his eighty-first year he wrote his last secular play, Hado y Divisa de Leonido y Marfisa, in honor of Charles II's marriage to Maria Luisa of Orléans. He died on May 25, 1681.

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