The Will to Learn: A Guide for Motivating Young People
This book introduces the basic principles of motivation as they apply to classroom learning and management in a readable, non-technical form. Covington argues against the popular notion that the problems existing in schools today stem primarily from a lack of student motivation. Instead, he asserts that students are motivated, sometimes even overly motivated, but often for the wrong reasons. Traditional teaching methods, including conventional grading procedures and an emphasis on competition, can contribute to student demoralization, and Covington identifies the ways in which students respond to misguided incentives. For some students, motivation is directed at avoiding failure by avoiding participation. For others, demoralization leads to withdrawal from an educational system that they believe to be irrelevant to their lives. Still other students are driven to prove their worth by outperforming fellow students. The book suggests practical, concrete ways that teachers can use classroom incentives to inspire a desire to learn.
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academic achievement motivation Activity American answer arouse assignments attribution attribution theory avoid failure basic become behavior believe better cause challenge Chapter classroom competency competitive cooperation Covington create dents depends Dweck dynamics educational Educational Psychology effect effort encourage example experience fact feelings future game play Global Gambit global warming goals grades high school Hispanics Hoppe's important individuals infinite games intrinsic involves John kinds knowledge learned helplessness less Losa low ability Mark Lepper mastery learning means ment metacognitive minority motivational equity Murphy's laws need achievement Omelich one's overstrivers parents performance perspective players potential problem solving procedural knowledge promote reasons for learning Recall result rewards risk Rodriguez self-fulfilling prophecy self-handicapping self-worth theory sense serious games simply skills social Social Psychology strategies success-oriented task teachers teaching things thinking tion tive youngsters