Labor Unions and Autocracy in Iran
Ladjevardi follows the rise and ebb of political development in Iran from 1906 to the recent past by looking at one aspect of political growth: the emergence of labor unions. Presenting a history of the labor movement in Iran, he begins with the genesis of the movement from 1906 to 1921 and then looks at the state of labor unions under Reza Shah from 1925 to 1941. During the 1940s polarization between the unions and the government increased, as did Soviet and British influence on the unions. From 1946 to 1953 Iran saw the rise and fall of government-controlled unions and, after 1953, workers without unions. After years of frustration and countless examples of contradiction between words and deeds, the workers and most of the politically aware populace became cynical about constitutional government, parliamentary elections, the promises of the ruling elite, and the friendship of the Western powers. Ladjevardi's account of the labor movement in Iran leaves little doubt as to why the workers turned against them all: the monarchy, "Western democracy," and the West itself.
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Abadan Agha Jari Ahmad AIOC ambassador American embassy Amirkeyvan Anglo-Iranian Oil Company April Aramesh army arrested August autocracy autocratic Azerbaijan Bayat British consul cabinet Central Council Committee Communist constitutional December Dehgan delegation demands democratic deputies economic Eftekhari elections EMKA employers Enghelab Esfahan ESKI factory Fadakar February forces foreign governor-general Haghighat Handley Hedayat Hossein Ibid industrial Iran's Iranian government Iranian workers January July June Khorramshahr Khouzestan Labor Affairs labor law labor leaders labor movement labor organizations labor unions Majles mill owners Ministry of Labor Mohammad monarchy months Mossadegh Naficy November October officials Persian Pishevari political prime minister Prime Minister Qavam province Rahbar reported representatives revolution Reza Rousta Reza Shah Reza-Khan rials Rougetel Russian Sadri SAVAK September shah's Soviet Union strike syndicates Tabriz trade unions Tudeh leaders Tudeh Party U.S. Government U.S. NA United wages WFTU Zafar