Labor Markets and Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe: The Accession and Beyond
N. A. Barr
World Bank, Jan 1, 2005 - Business & Economics - 267 pages
'Labor Markets and Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe' summarises social policy reform during the transition and EU accession and analyses the social policy challenges which continue to face both old and new member states. Specifically, the book amplifies two sets of arguments. First, social policy under communism was in important respects well-suited to the old order and—precisely for that reason—was systematically badly-suited to a market economy. Strategic reform directions thus followed from the nature of the transition process and from constraints imposed by EU accession. Secondly, successful accession is not the end of the story: economic and social trends over the past 50 years are creating strains for social policy which all countries—old and new members—will have to face.This book will be of interest to readers interested in social policy, particularly those with an interest in the process of post-communist transition, in EU accession, and in future social policy challenges for the wider Europe. It should be of interest to academics in departments of economics, social policy and political science, and to policy makers, including government advisers and civil servants.
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The Course of Transition
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accession countries acquis acquis communautaire ALMPs areas average Barr budget Bulgaria Central and Eastern Central Asia changes chapter communist competitive constraints contributions Copenhagen criteria costs criteria Czech Republic decentralization decline Development differences early transition Eastern Europe economic employment Estonia Europe and Central European Commission European Union example expenditures family benefits family support financing fiscal funding Growth Pact health policy health sector Hungary impact improve incentives income increase inequality institutions labor force labor market Latvia Lithuania McKee ment minimum OECD older member output PAYG Pension Reform pension spending pension systems Poland political population poverty line poverty relief Preker productivity programs rates reduce Region retirement Roma Romania Rutkowski sion skills Slovak Republic Slovenia social assistance social exclusion social policy social protection Strategy targeted tion transition economies unemployed unemployment benefits wages welfare workers World Bank