Labor markets and social policy in Central and Eastern Europe: the transition and beyond
The demise of communism has given people of the reforming countries greater individual freedom. However, the rise in living standards for most people has not yet materialized, and poverty, unemployment, and death rates are rising. This book, concerning the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the European republics of the former USSR, suggests policies for labor markets and the social sectors during the early years of transformation and beyond.
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A Road Map of the Book
The Analytical Framework
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administrative budget Bulgaria cash benefits Central and Eastern central planning communist constraints consumer contributions costs countries in Central Czech Republic Czechoslovakia decentralization decline discussed in chapter early transition Eastern Europe economic education and training effects efficiency employers ensure enterprises example expenditure family allowances family benefits finance fiscal crisis funding growth higher human capital Hungary implementation important improve incentives income transfers incomes policies increase individual industrial inflation inheritance investment labor force labor market legislation macroeconomic major market economy market forces ment minimum mobility oecd old system output particularly percent Poland political poor poverty line poverty relief pressures private pensions private sector problems production programs rates reduce reforms region regulation restructuring retraining role Romania schemes skills social assistance social insurance social sectors structure subsidies targeting tion unem unemployed unemployment benefits United Kingdom wage Western workers World Bank