Laboratory Phonology 8, Volume 8

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Louis Goldstein, D. H. Whalen, Catherine T. Best
Walter de Gruyter, 2006 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 675 pages
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This collection of papers from Eighth Conference on Laboratory Phonology (held in New Haven, CT) explores what laboratory data that can tell us about the nature of speakers' phonological competence and how they acquire it, and outlines models of the human phonological capacity that can meet the challenge of formalizing that competence. The window on the phonological capacity is broadened by including, for the first time in the Laboratory Phonology series, work on signed languages and papers that explicitly compare signed and spoken phonologies.

A major focus, cutting across signed and spoken phonologies, is that phonological competence must include both qualitative (or categorical) and quantitative (or variable) knowledge. Theoretical approaches represented in the collection for accommodating these types of knowledge include modularity, dynamical grammars, and probabilistic grammars. A second major focus is on the acquisition of this knowledge. Here the papers pursue the consequences for acquisition of taking into account the richness and variability of the adult systems that provide input to the child. The final focus is on how phonological knowledge guides speech production. Data and models address the question of how speech gestures interact with one another locally (through articulatory constraints and syllable-level organization) and how they interact with the prosodic structure of an utterance.

The twenty-six papers in the collection include invited contributions from Diane Brentari, David Corina, David Perlmutter, D. Robert Ladd, Diamandis Gafos, Marilyn Vihman, Shelley Velleman, Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel, and Dani Byrd.

 

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Contents

Distinctive phones in surface representation
7
Comment on Ladd and Ernestus Baayen
51
The statistical basis of an unnatural alternation
81
A probabilistic approach
107
The diachrony of labiality in Trique and the functional relevance
133
Convergences and divergences of signed and spoken languages
153
Phonology phonetics and the nondominant hand
185
Lexical retrieval in American Sign Language production
213
Flexibility in the face of incompatible English VOT systems
367
Issues arising from
393
Comments on Vihman
423
Knowledge of languagespecific organization
443
Focusing prosodic phrasing and hiatus resolution in Greek
473
Pitchpeak alignment in two dialects
495
Comments on the papers
549
Local gesture interaction and perception
563

Phonological priming in British Sign Language
241
Phonetic implementation and phonetic prespecification
265
Variability in verbal agreement forms across four signed languages
287
Some current claims about sign language phonetics phonology
315
A crosslinguistic study
341
Perceptual salience and palatalization in Russian
589
Integrating coarticulation assimilation and blending into a model
611
Crosslinguistic responses
635
Author index
661
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About the author (2006)

Louis M. Goldstein, Yale University and Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, USA; Douglas H. Whalen, Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, USA;Catherine T. Best, MARCS Auditory Laboratories, Penrith South DC, Australia.

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