Labour Migration to the Middle East: From Sri Lanka to the Gulf
K. Paul International, 1992 - Business & Economics - 259 pages
During the recent Gulf War, the extent of the migrant worker phenomenon in the Middle East was highlighted by the plight of tens of thousands of Asian and North African men and women fleeing from Kuwait and Iraq. The harrowing images and reports spreading across the world from the hastily constructed refugee camps demonstrated the vulnerability of the economic and social position of this floating labour force, whose living conditions are the subject of this wide-ranging study.
The authors of Labour Migration to the Middle East have mainly based their work on labour migrants from Sri Lanka, which shows a number of interesting characteristics when compared to other labour-exporting countries. No less than 1.3% of the Sri Lankan population work in the Middle East, of which 70% are women working mainly in the domestic sector.
Solid sociological and anthropological research is the basis for a detailed examination of various social, economic and demographic aspects of the processes of labour migration from Sri Lanka to the Gulf States. The book opens with an introduction to the topic of labour migration, and presents the concept of survival migration, which is considered a main characteristic of the Sri Lankan case. The work goes on to describe the recruiting process and the level of fees which migrants have to pay for a job abroad; the policy of the Gulf States with regard to labour migration; the socio-economic conditions of the Sri Lankan migrant workers; the socio-economic position and religious status of Sri Lankan Muslim women migrating to the Gulf; the impact of labour migration on Sri Lankan society--specifically on social stratification, social mobility, household structure, marriage stability and the well-being of children--and conditions which lead to the early return of migrants.
Labour Migration to the Middle East makes an important contribution to the scientific and social reflection on the global phenomenon of labour migration.
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The Sri Lankan Case
Recruitment of Labour Migrants for the Middle East
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abroad analysis Arab Arab Gulf Asian Bahrain Bogollagama Colombo contract countries current migrants departure domestic servants earnings economic Eelens employer ethnic extended household female domestic female migrants Foreign Employment foreign labour Govigama Gulf governments household structure housemaids housing income increased International Migration investment Islamic Kuwait labour importation labour market labour migration large number Leiden Leiden University living conditions majority male migrants marital married mediation Middle East migration Middle Eastern migrant families migrant workers migration from Sri Muslim women Navandanna non-housemaids non-migrants number of migrants Oman population position problems prospective migrants Qatar recruitment fees relatively religious remittances result return migrants rural Saudi Arabia sector significant Sinhalese situation social socio-economic Sri Lanka Sri Lankan labour Sri Lankan migrants Sri Lankan Muslim Sri Lankan society status sub-agents survey Table Tamil University of Leiden unskilled variables village Waadiyagoda wage wage labour