Landscape ecology of apiculture in the Maya area of La Montaña, Campeche, México
University of Florida, 2001 - 184 pages
ABSTRACT: Apiculture is one of the most important economic activities for rural communities in the Yucatan Peninsula. In part, this results from the rich natural melliferous and polliniferous flora found in the area and from the beekeeping tradition of the Maya population. At La Montaña, Campeche, México, beekeeping is currently the number one income-generating activity. Honey production is currently carried out with Africanized bees (Apis mellifera L.), for marketing to national and international markets. An analysis of some economic aspects showed that profits are benefiting only a small sector of the population that has better management skills and investment capacity. Better technology and technical training, as well as the diversification of the activity could provide more benefits to the region. Nevertheless, for this to happen external investment is needed, particularly to increase the organizational, administrative and technical skills of beekeepers. The landscape at La Montaña greatly benefits apiculture as the different vegetation types are rich in nectar- and pollen-yielding species. More than 100 species from at least 67 genera and 31 families of trees, shrubs, vines, woody-vines and annuals were found to be important for honey production. These species are present in the different vegetation types found in the region, including lowland and upland forests, fallow areas, recently disturbed sites, and savanna communities.
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HISTORY AND CURRENT STATUS
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abundant according Acopa Africanized bee Africanized honey bee agricultural areas agroforestry apiaries apiculture Apis mellifera beekeepers beekeeping annual cycle beekeeping cycle beekeeping with Apis buffer Calakmul Biosphere Reserve Campeche Chemas and Rico-Gray chicle communities contribute cooperative dearth period different vegetation types disturbed areas dominance of melliferous dry season Echazarreta ejidos factors favor Flores and Espejel flowering period flowering phenology foraging forest conservation forest/vegetation age types Galletti Gymnanthes lucida honey harvest season honey production important melliferous important species intermediate and older land Landsat landscape Lol-K'ax lowland forest melliferous and polliniferous melliferous species Mexico milpa MIVI Rank MIVI values Montana nectar and pollen nectar sources nectar yielding older forests phenology Piscidia piscipula pollen sources polliniferous species rainy season recovery period region reported Roubik savanna secondary vegetation soil species flowering species that flower Spivak stingless bees timber transects tree tropical forests water content yielding species Yucatan Peninsula