Landscape Plotted and Pieced: Landscape History and Local Archaeology in Fyfield and Overton, Wiltshire
This book presents the results of 39 years of study of the two Wiltshire parishes of Fyfield and Overton Down. The aim of the project, using a diverse range of research methods, from archaeological excavation and experimental archaeology through the study of environmental and documentary evidence to the non-invasive techniques of geophysics and air photography, was to elucidate how and when the landscape came by its present appearance. The author draws three illuminating conclusions from this investigation. First, very little, if any, of this landscape is now natural: it has been created by the agricultural activities of successive communities over the last 6,000 years. Second, the nature of this artefact has been, and continues to be, influenced by the geology, hydrology, soils and climate of the area. Finally, the principal land-use features of the present landscape were established at particular times over the last four millennia, and that what has come to be seen as a quitessentially English landscape was in fact set some 1,500 years ago.
Key Graphic conventions used in figures
A landscape and its setting
The unfenced Ridgeway 1821
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air photographs Anglo-Saxon arable archaeological archive Avebury Barn barrow groups Block boundary Bronze Age buildings chalk Chapter church civil parish Clatford Clay-with-Flints complex context cropmarks cultivation Dene ditch F4 downland earlier Early Iron Age earthworks edge enclosure English Heritage evidence excavation existed Farm field system Figure flints Fowler Fyfield and Overton ground Headlands hollow-way indicate interpretation Kennet valley land land-use landscape late later linear ditch Lockeridge long barrow lynchet manor manorial Manton Marlborough Downs medieval millennium bc northern Overton and Fyfield Overton Hill pasture perhaps phase Pickledean possible prehistoric probably Raddun RCHME Ridgeway river River Kennet Roman road Romano-British round barrows sarsen sarsen stones Savernake Saxon settlement Shaw sheep side soil south east southern structure study area suggests Templars tenth century tenurial tithing Totterdown track trackway village Wansdyke West Overton West Woods Wiltshire woodland World Heritage Wroughton Wroughton Copse