Language, Education, and Development: Urban and Rural Tok Pisin in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea's struggle for development is intimately bound up with the history of Tok Pisin, an English-based pidgin that is the product of nineteenth-century colonialism in the Pacific. The language has since become the most important lingua franca in the region, being spoken by more than a million people in a highly multilingual society. In this book, Romaine examines some of the changes that are taking place in Tok Pisin as it becomes the native language of the younger generation of rural and urban speakers. These linguistic processes, which are by no means complete, have to be understood in the socio-historical context of colonial expansion and strategies for socio-economic development in the post-colonial era.
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Historical Development of Tok Pisin
from PreColonial Days to
Lexical Expansion Borrowing and Change
Phonological Expansion in a Developing PidginCreole
Morphological Variation and Change
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animacy Australian Austronesian languages Bahor baimbai bilong Bislama borrowing Bulolo Bybee cent clause-initial colonial creole languages creolization Erima Europeans example factor forms FUTAGE Geraoun German grading grammatical grammaticalization Highlands Hiri Motu Indagen Indagen adults instance Islands Keesing kisim Kusbau labour laik lexical items lexicon linguistic literacy Madang Province McElhanon mekim Melanesian Melanesian Pidgin Miihlhausler mipela mission missionaries Morobe Province native nouns Nupela Testamen occur older olsem Pacific Papua New Guinea phonological Pidgin English pidgins and creoles Pisin and English plantations plural marking population Port Moresby predicate marker preverbal bai pronoun Rabaul relative clauses relativization Rempi Romaine rural and urban rural areas semantic speakers speech spoken stap strategies substratum syntactic Table tasol Tok Pisin tok ples town Unitech urban areas varieties verb vernacular village Wantok Waritsian words Yabem younger yumi