Language Ideologies and Challenges of Multilingual Education in Ethiopia: The Case of Harari Region
During the last decade and a half, The use of local languages for official purposes, particularly in primary education, has become a pronounced characteristic of Ethiopian education system. The fact that as many as 22 languages have been introduced into the school system since mid 1990s represents a major ideological shift from the previous policies the country had adopted over the course of several centuries. The Ethiopian educational language policy is radical in its scope and unique in Sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere, and it invites a close examination of its ideological foundation and, even more so, its implementation model. The primary objective of this study was to make a critical appraisal of the implementation of vernacular education in the Harari region and examine the challenges of providing primary education in several Ethiopian and international languages, i.e. English, Amharic, Oromo, Arabic and Harari. The study made a comparative assessment of the use of languages as media of instruction for primary education, and concluded with an appraisal of the relative strengths and weaknesses in the use of each language, from both pedagogical and social perspectives.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER TWO LANGUAGE IDEOLOGIES AND MULTILINGUALISMIN EDUCATION
CHAPTER THREE THE HISTORY OF EDUCATIONAL LANGUAGE POLICIES IN ETHIOPIA
A CASE STUDY
CHAPTER FIVE LANGUAGE USE ATTITUDES AND PATTERNS OF MULTILINGUALISM
LINGUISTIC AND PEDAGOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS
adopted Amharic language ar/A attitudes Aw Abdal Bamgbose basic education bilingual cent century Chapter city of Harar classroom constitution cultural curriculum Derg Dire Teyara dominant dropouts education system educational language policy Elementary School Ethiopian education Ethiopian languages Ethiopic script federal fidäl Ge’ez Gey Medresa grade seven graphemes Gurage Harari and Oromo Harari language Harari region implementation model international language introduced Islam issues language ideologies language of wider language planning Latin alphabet Lesson literacy mainstream schools major languages medium of instruction modern education monolingual mother tongue mother tongue education multilingual education official language official working language Oromo orthography Pankhurst 1976 parents pedagogical periods a week periods per week phonemes political population primary education problems questionnaires religious respondents school system second language social Somali speakers Table taught teacher’s guide teachers teaching materials Tigrinya urban various vernacular education vowels week for grades writing system