Language in the Judicial Process

Front Cover
Judith N. Levi, Anne Graffam Walker
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1990 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 373 pages
1 Review
Legal realism is a powerful jurisprudential tradition which urges attention to sodal conditions and predicts their influence in the legal process. The rela tively recent "sodal sdence in the law" phenomenon, in which sodal research is increasingly relied on to dedde court cases is a direct result of realistic jurisprudence, which accords much significance in law to empirical reports about sodal behavior. The empirical research used by courts has not, how ever, commonly dealt with language as an influential variable. This volume of essays, coedited by Judith N. Levi and Anne Graffam Walker, will likely change that situation. Language in the Judicial Process is a superb collection of original work which fits weIl into the realist tradition, and by focusing on language as a key variable, it establishes a new and provocative perspective on the legal process. The perspective it offers, and the data it presents, make this volume a valuable source of information both for judges and lawyers, who may be chiefly concemed with practice, and for legal scholars and sodal sdentists who do basic research about law.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A
A
CNN News - ELECTRO MAGNETIC NOISE DEVICE JUAN CARLOS VALLEJOS - PHONE (+0058) 0414-422-91-69 / 0414-585-00-44 / 0414-585-00-44
A
ANTI MIND CONTROL - MENTAL TORTURE - BRAIN WASHING - HUMAN USED AS RATS - MIND CONTROL ANTI MENTAL TORTURE
A
ILLUIMTAI AND (NOW) ORG
A
WE THE spied through YOUR EYES! - PROVED!!!!!!!!!!!!!
A
---------------------------------------------------------
A
Crime Policy.
A
Mafias, kidnapping and drug trafficking.
A
Complaints to prosecutors and courts
A
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A
A
AGENCIES CHANGAY JAPAN CHINA AND NORTH KOREA ASESIANDO Venezuelan citizens stealing information from satellites VENEZOLANOS
A
HUAMAN RACE STUDIES INTELGENCY AGENCY OF STATES IN VENEZUELA NEGRO PONTE
A
DRUG THEFT MURDERS THE HAGUE AND THE UN HUMAN rights violators MAKE STUDIES OF THE HUMAN RACE IN THE WORLD.
A
EVENT HORIZON CORP U.S. ARMY - JOSE SALGADO - ORGANIZATION - CANADA - BOOK - SPACE PROGRAM - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - NASA - State - Country
A
A
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A
ILUMINATI AND NOW GENOCIDE BY JUAN CARLOS VALLEJOS
A
03/19/2005 GENOCIDE BILL GATE PROJECT COPY AND RESEARCH PROJECTS BY TECHNOLOGICAL GENOCIDE IN LATIN AMERICA VENEZUELA
A
URL: https://www.docs.google.com/open?id=0B7rdd1w6dkcSamZTX1ZNWWZmVkk
A
NOTICIAS24C@GMAIL.COM
A
A
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A
A
EVENT HORIZON space programs and organizations conducting studies for the human race to NASA space programs
A
Some presidents of North America USA CANADA USA USSR, some organizations STUDY OF THE HUMAN RACE TO MAKE DIFFERENT CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
A
ILLUIMTAI MANY ORGANIZATIONS AND (NOW) - (CHINA, JAPAN (UN AND HAS IN ITS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME UNITED NATIONS) AND NORTH KOREA) STUDY OF THE HUMAN RACE IN THE UNITED STATES THAT AS - MK ULTRA - PANDORA - Piotr Ivanovitch Ivashutine GRU -
A
RTVE Neuro Sciences Division of Nano Electrode Implantation Sevilla (Selective Memory Errace Techniques), NCTV and TVS.
A
GENETIC LABORATORY TAECNOLOGy BUILDING DEVELOPMENT OF HOSPITALS MOLECULES AND STOLEN CELL POPULATION for gene cloning spy on PEOPLE IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES TO HACK THE MIND OF PEOPLE PEOPLE HANDLED AND CREATE LISTS AS BLACK PEOPLE KILLED ANDERSON DANILO
A
AMONG THE MANY CRIMES ARE PERFORMING IN DRUG TRAFFICKING, rape of women, theft, murder,
A
A
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A
A
THIS TYPE OF THEFT DO WITH NANOTECHNOLOGY IN FOOD INCLUDING drinks and medicines
A
Case Summaries of Mind Control - Torture Mental Harassment
A
VENEZUELAN RATS USED AS MIND CONTROL ANTI MENTAL TORTURE
A
CNN News Network Documentary Producer Urges That, "All Non-Consensual Experimentation Needs to Stop".
A
CHAVEZ: WE THE spied through YOUR EYES!
A
MANIPULATED HANDLED ELECTION CRIMES NOW! - CHAVEZ: Blacklists - Black Lists.
A
Danilo Anderson explosions terrorism Venezuelan intelligence agency.
A
Development Programme of the United Nations UN, UN, World (Venezuela), Genocide obtaining neural patterns for transmission from satellite.
A
Genetic changes in satellite transmissions apartir mental structures and molecular structures (genetic).
A
Crime Policy.
A
-------------------------------------------------- --------------------------
A
(STATEMENT ON THIS CLASSIFICATION NUOVO CRIMES).
A
(Cerebral Mutilation - Mutilation of the hypothalamus).
A
-------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------
A
NANO computers that use to cauterize cells in the spinal cord, hypothalamus, brain and organs.
 

Contents

Chapter 1 The Study of Language in the Judicial Process
3
11 Value of This Research
4
12 Historical Background
7
13 Range of Current Research Topics
11
2 Language and Eyewitness Testimony
13
3 Language Variation in the Courtroom
17
4 Comprehensibility of Jury Instructions
20
5 Other Areas of Contemporary Research
24
23 The Legal Task
209
3 Obstacles
214
32 Obstacles to Accurate Representation of Speech
216
Means and Devices
221
The Rationale
222
42 Linguistic Means of Producing the Transcript
224
5 Effects of Variable Reporter Choices
232
52 Effects on Appellate Review
235

6 Conclusion
27
Applications of Linguistics in Legal Domains
29
Major Works and Useful Bibliographies
30
7 References
31
PART II ANALYZING LANGUAGE IN LEGAL SETTINGS
37
Chapter 2 Strategies in the Contest between Lawyer and Witness in CrossExamination
39
2 Correction in Courtroom CrossExamination
40
Contrast Devices
46
ThreePart Descriptions
51
5 Conclusion
62
6 References
64
Chapter 3 Narratives and Narrative Structure in Plea Bargaining
65
2 Narrative Structure
67
21 Story Entry Devices
68
22 Stories
70
23 Defense Segments
77
3 The Use of Narrative Components
78
31 On the Distribution of Stories and Other Narrative Components
79
32 Setting the Boundaries of Negotiation
81
33 Summary
87
4 Theoretical Implications
88
41 Plea Bargaining Defendant Characteristics and Other Factors
89
42 The Reflexivity of Stories and Plea Bargaining
91
5 Conclusion
92
6 References
93
Chapter 4 Litigant Satisfaction versus Legal Adequacy in Small Claims Court Narratives
97
2 Theoretical Background
98
3 Restrictions on Narratives in Formal Courts
101
Methods
107
5 Legal Narratives without Evidentiary Constraints
109
6 The Legal Adequacy of Unaided Witness Narratives
116
7 The Role of the Magistrate in Shaping Narratives
121
8 Some Ethnographic Conclusions about Accounts in Small Claims Court
127
9 References
129
10 Statutes Cited
131
Chapter 5 Legal Realism in LawyerClient Communication
133
2 Modes of Discourse about Law
135
21 Formalism
136
22 Equity
137
23 Realism
138
3 The Discourse about Law in the Divorce Lawyers Office
139
4 Conclusion
148
5 References
150
Part III TRANSFORMING LANGUAGE IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
153
The Role of the Court Interpreter
155
2 Language and Power in the Courtroom
156
3 The Bilingual Courtroom
159
4 How Attention Is Shifted to the Interpreter by Court Proceedings and by Other Parties
162
5 The Interpreters Own AttentionDrawing Behavior
172
51 Interpreter Attempts to Clarify Witnesses or Defendants Answers and Attorneys Questions
173
53 Clarifying the Witness Answer
181
54 Accounting for the Side Comments of Witnesses and Defendants
188
6 Controlling the Flow of Testimony
190
The Problem of Handling Objections
193
7 Conclusion
198
8 References
200
9 Cases Cited
201
The Customs Conventions and Appellate Consequences of Court Reporting
203
2 The Task
204
22 The Linguistic Task
206
6 Implications for Linguistic Study and Legal Processes
237
7 References
242
8 Cases Cited
244
PART IV CONSTRUING LANGUAGE FOR LEGAL PURPOSES
245
Chapter 8 Linguistic Analysis of Conversation as Evidence Regarding the Interpretation of Speech Events
247
2 Linguistic Analysis of Conversation
248
21 Content Analysis
250
22 Interaction Analysis
254
A Case Study
259
33 Conclusions
260
4 Legal Issues
261
41 Discourse Analysis as an Academic Discipline
262
42 Admitted Testimony about Conversation
263
43 Legal and Empirical Issues
264
44 Conclusions
274
5 References
275
6 Cases Cited
276
7 Statutes Cited
277
Chapter 9 On the Use of Social Conversation as Evidence in a Court of Law
279
3 The Use of Social Conversation as Legal Evidence
280
41 Understanding What Was Said
281
42 Truth
284
5 Conclusion
289
Chapter 10 Language and Cognition in Products Liability
291
2 An Outline of a Cognitive Theory of Communication
293
22 The Primacy of Knowledge in the Communication Process
295
23 The Probabilistic Character of Human Communication
296
24 A Cognitive View of Comprehension
297
3 Language Comprehension in Products Liability Cases
300
32 The Psychologist and the Ordinary Reasonable Person
301
33 The Probabilistic Nature of Language and the Ordinary Reasonable Person
302
4 The Relevance of Psycholinguistic Data in Products Liability Litigation
303
5 Toward a Methodology for Communication Analysis in Products Liability Litigation
304
6 References
307
7 Cases Cited
308
An Analysis of the Adequacy of Federally Mandated Cigarette Package Warnings
309
11 The Legal Issues
312
12 The Adequacy Issues
314
13 Genesis of the Study
318
14 Initial Analysis of Warnings on Cigarette Packages
320
15 Hypotheses
323
Categorization Rank Ordering and Translation of Warnings
324
Categorization of Warnings
325
Rank Ordering of Warnings
330
Translation of a Warning
333
24 General Discussion of Experiment 1
337
32 Data Analysis
339
33 Discussion
340
Rapid Anonymous Interviews
341
42 Data Analysis and Discussion
342
52 Classification of Warnings
344
53 Summary of Findings Conclusions
345
6 Recommendations
348
7 Directions for Future Research
349
8 References
351
9 Cases Cited
352
Where Do We Go from Here?
353
Author Index
359
Subject Index
363
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »