Laser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 30, 2007 - Science - 516 pages
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Laser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications provides a basic introduction to the subject, written for students and other novices. It assumes little in the way of prior knowledge, and carefully guides the reader through the important theory and concepts whilst introducing key techniques and applications.
 

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Contents

About the authors
xiii
1 Introduction
1
PART 1 PRINCIPLES OF LASERS AND LASER SYSTEMS
15
PART 2 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES IN LASER CHEMISTRY
77
PART 3 OPTICS AND MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS
143
PART 4 LASER STUDIES OF PHOTODISSOCIATION PHOTOIONIZATION AND UNIMOLECULAR PROCESSES
219
PART 5 LASER STUDIES OF BIMOLECULAR REACTIONS
265
PART 6 LASER STUDIES OF CLUSTER AND SURFACE REACTIONS
323
PART 7 SELECTED APPLICATIONS
391
References
471
Appendix
485
Index
487
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Helmut H. Telle received BSc, MSc and PhD degrees in physics from the University of Koln (Germany), in 1972, 1974 and 1979 respectively. Between 1980 and 1984 he spent research periods at the Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto (Canada), the Centre d' Etude Nucleaire de Saclay (France) and the Laboratoire des Interactions Ioniques, University of Marseille (France), Where he was mainly engaged in research on molecular reaction dynamics exploiting laser spectroscopic techniques. Since 1984 he has been Professor for Laser Physics in the Department of Physics, Swansea University (Wales, UK), where he has pursued research and development of laser systems and spectroscopic techniques for trace detection of atomic and molecular species, applied to analytical problems in industry, biomedicine and the environment. His expertise includes the techniques of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), tuneable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS), resonant ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS) and Raman and Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). More recently, he has once again returned to his roots associated with fundamental aspects in atomic and molecular physics, ranging from precision spectroscopy of exotic species, like positronium and anti-hydrogen, to probing of reactions at surfaces utilizing ultra-short laser pulses. He has held visiting appointments at the Centro de Investigacion en Optica, Leon (Mexico), the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain) and at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium).

Angel Gonzalez Urena obtained a chemistry degree from the University of Granada (Spain) in 1968, followed by a PhD in Physical Chemistry from the Complutense University (Madrid, Spain) in 1972. During the period 1972-1974 he worked in the fields of molecular beam and reaction dynamics at the Universities of Madison (Wisconsin, USA) and Austin (Texas, USA), and in later years at universities in the UK. He became Associate Professor in Chemical Physics in 1974 and Full Professor in 1983, both at the Completeness University of Madrid. His research interests focus mainly on gas-phase, cluster and surface reaction dynamics, using molecular beam and laser techniques. He was one of the pioneers in measuring threshold energies in chemical reactivity when changing the translational and electronic energy of the reactants, as well as in the measurements of high-resolution spectroscopy in intra-cluster reactions. More recently, his interests have branched out into the application of laser technologies to Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Biology and Food Science. he is the head of the Department of Molecular Beams and Lasers at the Institution Pluridisciplinar (Complutense University, Madrid); for the first 10 years of the institute's existence he also was its first director. He has held visiting appointments at Cambridge University (UK), at the universite de Paris Sud (France) and at the Academia Sinica, Taiwan National University (Taipei, Taiwan).

Robert J. Donovan Graduated (BSc Hons) from the University of Wales in 1962. Following a year in industry, with Procter and Gamble appointed a Research Fellow of Gonville and Caius College (Cambridge) in 1966, and in 1970 he moved to the Department of Chemsitry at the University of Edinburgh. In 1979 he was appointed Professor of Physical Chemistry, and in 1986 he was appointed to the Foundation (1713) Chair of Chemistry at Edinburgh. His research interests lie in the fields of gas-phase energy transfer, photochemistry, reaction dynamics, spectroscopy and atmospheric chemistry. He was one of the pioneers of kinetic spectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet and has contributed substantially to the use of lasers and synchrotron radiation for the study of chemical and physical processes involving electronically excited states. His work in the field of spectroscopy has involved extensive studies of Rydberg, ionic and charge-transfer states, using optical-optical double resonance (OODR), resonance-enhanced multiphoto ionization (REMPI) and zero kinetic energy (ZEKE) photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, he has applied laser techniques to a number of analytical areas, including LIBS, matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization (MALDI) and aerosol mass spectrometry (AMS). He has held visiting appointments at the Universities of Alberta (Canada), Gottingen (Germany), Canterbury (New Zealand), the Australian National University at Canberra, the Tokyo Institute of Technology and the Institute for Molecular Science (Okazaki, Japan).

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