Laser Spectroscopy: Vol. 1: Basic Principles

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2008 - Science - 457 pages
1 Review
Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., frequency doubling in external cavities, reliable cw-parametric oscillators, tunable narrow-band UV sources, more sensitive detection techniques, tunable femtosecond and sub-femtosecond lasers (X-ray region and the attosecond range), control of atomic and molecular excitations, frequency combs able to synchronize independent femtosecond lasers, coherent matter waves, and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

good

Contents

1 Introduction
2
2 Absorption and Emission of Light
5
22 Thermal Radiation and Plancks Law
9
23 Absorption Induced and Spontaneous Emission
11
24 Basic Photometric Quantities
16
242 Illumination of Extended Areas
18
25 Polarization of Light
20
26 Absorption and Emission Spectra
22
441 Precision and Accuracy of Wavelength Measurements
175
442 Todays Wavemeters
178
45 Detection of Light
188
451 Thermal Detectors
191
452 Photodiodes
198
453 Photodiode Arrays
208
454 ChargeCoupled Devices CCDs
210
455 Photoemissive Detectors
212

27 Transition Probabilities
26
271 Lifetimes Spontaneous and Radiationless Transitions
27
Basic Equations
29
273 WeakField Approximation
32
274 Transition Probabilities with BroadBand Excitation
34
275 Phenomenological Inclusion of Decay Phenomena
36
276 Interaction with Strong Fields
37
277 Relations Between Transition Probabilities Absorption Coefficient and Line Strength
41
28 Coherence Properties of Radiation Fields
42
281 Temporal Coherence
43
282 Spatial Coherence
44
283 Coherence Volume
46
284 The Coherence Function and the Degree of Coherence
49
29 Coherence of Atomic Systems
54
292 Coherent Excitation
56
293 Relaxation of Coherently Excited Systems
58
Problems
59
3 Widths and Profiles of Spectral Lines
61
31 Natural Linewidth
62
312 Relation Between Linewidth and Lifetime
64
313 Natural Linewidth of Absorbing Transitions
66
32 Doppler Width
70
33 Collisional Broadening of Spectral Lines
75
331 Phenomenological Description
76
332 Relations Between Interaction Potential Line Broadening and Shifts
80
333 Collisional Narrowing of Lines
84
34 TransitTime Broadening
85
35 Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Line Broadening
88
36 Saturation and Power Broadening
90
362 Saturation Broadening of Homogeneous Line Profiles
92
363 Power Broadening
93
37 Spectral Line Profiles in Liquids and Solids
95
Problems
97
4 Spectroscopic Instrumentation
99
411 Basic Properties
101
412 Prism Spectrometer
111
413 Grating Spectrometer
115
42 Interferometers
124
422 Michelson Interferometer
125
423 Fourier Spectroscopy
129
424 MachZehnder Interferometer
131
425 Sagnac Interferometer
134
426 MultipleBeam Interference
136
427 Plane FabryPerot Interferometer
144
428 Confocal FabryPerot Interferometer
152
429 Multilayer Dielectric Coatings
157
4210 Interference Filters
162
4211 Birefringent Interferometer
165
4212 Tunable Interferometers
169
43 Comparison Between Spectrometers and Interferometers
170
432 LightGathering Power
173
44 Accurate Wavelength Measurements
174
456 Detection Techniques and Electronic Equipment
224
46 Conclusions
231
5 Lasers as Spectroscopic Light Sources
234
512 Threshold Condition
236
513 Rate Equations
238
52 Laser Resonators
241
521 Open Optical Resonators
242
522 Spatial Field Distributions in Open Resonators
245
523 Confocal Resonators
247
524 General Spherical Resonators
251
525 Diffraction Losses of Open Resonators
252
526 Stable and Unstable Resonators
253
527 Ring Resonators
258
528 Frequency Spectrum of Passive Resonators
260
53 Spectral Characteristics of Laser Emission
262
531 Active Resonators and Laser Modes
263
532 Gain Saturation
266
533 Spatial Hole Burning
268
534 Multimode Lasers and Gain Competition
269
535 Mode Pulling
273
54 Experimental Realization of SingleMode Lasers
275
542 Suppression of Transverse Modes
279
543 Selection of Single Longitudinal Modes
281
544 Intensity Stabilization
288
545 Wavelength Stabilization
291
55 Controlled Wavelength Tuning of SingleMode Lasers
302
551 Continuous Tuning Techniques
303
552 Wavelength Calibration
308
553 Frequency Offset Locking
310
57 Tunable Lasers
314
572 SemiconductorDiode Lasers
315
573 Tunable SolidState Lasers
322
574 ColorCenter Lasers
325
575 Dye Lasers
329
576 Excimer Lasers
346
577 FreeElectron Lasers
349
58 Nonlinear Optical Mixing Techniques
352
581 Physical Background
353
582 Phase Matching
358
583 SecondHarmonic Generation
360
584 Quasi Phase Matching
366
585 SumFrequency and HigherHarmonic Generation
368
586 XRay Lasers
374
587 DifferenceFrequency Spectrometer
377
588 Optical Parametric Oscillator
380
589 Tunable Raman Lasers
385
59 Gaussian Beams
388
Problems
394
Solutions
397
References
425
Subject Index
453
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 451 - D. Proch. Efficient tunable ultraviolet source based on stimulated Raman scattering of an excimerpumped dye laser, Opt.
Page 2 - Index 453 1. Introduction Most of our knowledge about the structure of atoms and molecules is based on spectroscopic investigations.

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2008)

Professor Wolfgang DemtrAder studied physics and mathematics, and received his PhD degree in 1961 from the University of Bonn. After working as an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Freiburg until 1967, he went as a visiting fellow to JILA in Boulder, Colorado. In 1970 he accepted a post as full professor at the newly founded University of Kaiserslautern, Germany, where he still works. Professor DemtrAder was awarded the Max-Born-Award of the English and German Physical Society in 1995. He is the author of about 150 scientific papers and several books.