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Laser Treatment of Ureter and Upper Collecting
Application of Laser Energy in 0pen
Hematoporphyrin Photosensitization and
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absorbed absorption Application of Lasers argon laser bladder cancer bladder wall bleeding C02 laser C02 laser beam calculi carbon dioxide laser clinical condyloma acuminata condylomata continuous wave cystoscope damage depth of penetration Dixon J.A. dose duration electrocautery emission emitted endoscopic fiberoptic flexible fluorescence focused fragments Frank F heat hematoporphyrin derivative hemostasis histologic Hofstetter incision instrument joules Keiditsch kidney laser application laser cystoscope laser fiber laser in urology laser surgery laser therapy laser treatment Lasers Surg lesions light lithotriptor malignant ment minimal Nd:YAG laser irradiation Neodymium:YAG laser nephroscope occur operating optical partial nephrectomy patients pelvis percutaneous performed photoradiation photosensitizer Plate porphyrins postoperative potential power density Q-switched radiation recurrent renal resection Rosemberg S.K. spectrum stone superficial bladder tumors superpulse surface Surgical Application technique tion tissue effects transitional cell carcinoma Transurethral treated ureter ureteroscope urethral strictures urinary bladder Urol urologic surgery urology vaporization wavelength YAG laser