Latin American Economic Outlook 2013 SME Policies for Structural Change: SME Policies for Structural Change

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OECD Publishing, Nov 16, 2012 - 184 pages
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Latin America has weathered the recent turbulence in the global economy with relative strength, but the region now faces – beyond the short-term global uncertainty -- important medium-term risks. Policy makers need to make use of the policy space at their disposal to lay the foundations for inclusive and sustainable growth.  

SMEs play a key role as they are an integral part of the economic fabric, comprising over 95% of firms in the region as well as providing employment for over 60% of the region’s inhabitants. Nevertheless, relative to SMEs in the OECD, on average SMEs in Latin America exhibit low levels of relative productivity and weak links with the rest of the economy. In light of several decades of blanket SME policies with limited impacts in the region, this report proposes a more integrated approach that caters to the productive context and firm specificities. SMEs are part of a greater productive structure, and productive development policies need to be designed to address the particularities of heterogeneous SMEs. These differences can be manifested in many ways including the markets they serve, the types of products they produce, the level of technological sophistication and use of human capital involved in production, as well as the productive links with other firms in the industry. Providing policies which are adapted to the productive context requires co-ordination between various policy areas and levels of government to ensure that interventions are complimentary and effective. With this perspective in mind, the report explores key policy areas that address some of the main challenges to SMEs in the region including access to finance, skill development, innovation, and productive development.

 

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EINSTEIN NEILS B.MECANICA CUANTICA.
PROYECTO GENOCIDIO.
NARCOTRAFICO DE PRESIDENTES.
DENUNCIA EN EL PARLAMENTO VENEZOLANO.
MODELO BANCARIO PERFECTIBLE.
Sintesis de Derecho Canonico: Metodo Sistematico Repertorio de Canones ...
BRAIN WASHING LATINO AMERICA VENEZUELA ESPAIN, ENGLAND, GERMANY, JAPAN, CHINA, NORTH COREA.
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CHAVEZ Y CRISTINA KIRSHNER PAGA A AGENCIAS DE INTELIGENCIA ESPAÑOLAS PARA QUE PRODUZACAN CANCER, VIOLACIONES Y ASESINATOS A VENEZOLANOS. BANCO PERFECTIBLE.
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ROBOS CANONICO DEL REY ESPAÑA, ITALIA, ESPAÑA, SUIZA, INGLATERRA, ALEMANIA, CHINA JAPON Y COREA DEL NORTE.
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CANONIC ROBS SPAINIAN KINGS, ITALY, SPAIN, SUISERLAND, ENGLAND, GERMANY, JAPAN, CINA, NORTH COREA
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ACHAVEZ PAY TO RELIGIOUS INTELIGENCY AGEN. DICIP CEBIN DIM TO KILL PEOPLE AN RADIATE PEOPLE. PERFECTIBLE BANCK.CHAVEZ PAGA A AGENCIAS DE INTELIGENCIA ESPAÑOLAS PARA QUE PRODUZACAN CANCER, VIOLACIONES Y ASESINATOS A VENEZOLANOS. BANCO PERFECTIBLE.
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CHAVEZ PAGA A AGENCIAS DE INTELIGENCIA ESPAÑOLAS PARA QUE PRODUZACAN CANCER, VIOLACIONES Y ASESINATOS A VENEZOLANOS. BANCO PERFECTIBLE.
A veritable bible for fans and newcomers alike, Outlaw Masters of Japanese Film offers an extraordinary close-up of the hitherto overlooked golden age of Japanese cult cinema from the 1950s through the 1970s. Having unique access to top maverick filmmakers and Japanese genre film icons, Chris Desjardins brings together interviews with, and original writings on, such transgressive directors as Seijun Suzuki (Branded to Kill) and Koji Wakamatsu (Ecstasy of the Angels), as well as performers like Shinichi "Sonny" Chiba (The Streetfighter, Kill Bill Vol. 1) and Meiko Kaji (Lady Snowblood). Desjardins brings us up to date with an overview of such Japanese "enfants terribles" as Takashi Miike (Audition) and Kiyoshi Kurasawa (Cure). Illustrated with fantastic stills and posters from some of Japan's finest cult and action films, the book also provides detailed extras including filmographies and related bibliographies.
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