Latin American Social Movements in the Twenty-first Century: Resistance, Power, and Democracy

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Richard Stahler-Sholk, Glen David Kuecker, Harry E. Vanden
Rowman & Littlefield, 2008 - History - 394 pages
When elected civilians replaced military authoritarian regimes in Latin America in the 1980s, democracy seemed at hand. Yet those nominally democratic regimes implemented widely unpopular neoliberal policies, opening the economies to global market forces with devastating impact on the poor. This clearly written and comprehensive text examines the uprising of politically and economically marginalized groups in Latin American societies. Specialists in a broad range of disciplines interpret the new wave of social movements, including movements in Mexico, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, and Argentina, the Via Campesina global peasant network, and Mesoamerican coalitions against regional free trade agreements. This volume assembles original research from a variety of case studies in a student-friendly format. Section introductions help students contextualize the essays, highlighting social movement origins, strategies, and outcomes. Thematic sections address historical context, political economy, community-building and consciousness, ethnicity and race, gender, movement strategies, and transnational organizing, making this book useful to anyone studying the wide range of social movements in Latin America. Contributions by: Isabella Alcaniz, Marc Becker, Kwame Dixon, Judith Adler Hellman, Daniela Issa, Glen David Kuecker, Maria Elena Martinez-Torres, Mariana Mora, Keisha-Khan Y. Perry, Peter M. Rosset, Melissa Scheier, Veronica Schild, David Slater, Rose J. Spalding, Susan Spronk, Richard Stahler-Sholk, Joanna Swanger, Alicia C. S. Swords, Harry E. Vanden, Roberta Villalon, and Jeffery R. Webber"
 

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Contents

Introduction
ix
Historical Continuities and New Trends
15
Power and Social Movements in the Other Occident Latin America in an International Context
19
Social Movements Hegemony and New Forms of Resistance
37
Neoliberal Globalization and Democracy Lite The Changing PoliticalEconomic Context of Social Movements
55
Mexican Popular Movements Clientelism and the Process of Democratization
59
Struggles against Accumulation by Dispossession in Bolivia The Political Economy of Natural Resource Contention
75
CommunityBuilding Strategies Consciousness and Agents of Social Change
91
Gender and Womens Movements
211
Recasting Popular Movements Gender and Political Learning in Neighborhood Organizations in Chile
215
Casa Amiga Feminist CommunityBuilding in Ciudad Juárez as an Alternative to the Structural Violence of Globalization
231
Repertoires and Sites of Contention Parties Shop Floors and Streets
247
Neoliberalism Corruption and Legacies of Contention Argentinas Social Movements 19932006
251
New Social Movements with Old Party Politics The MTL Piqueteros and the Communist Party in Argentina
269
Transnational Dimensions of Social Movements
285
NeoZapatista Network Politics Transforming Democracy and Development
289

Fighting for the Forests Revisited Grassroots Resistance to Mining in Northern Ecuador
95
Resisting Neoliberal Homogenization The Zapatista Autonomy Movement
111
Praxis of Empowerment Mística and Mobilization in Brazils Landless Rural Workers Movement
129
Ethnicity and Race in Social and Political Movements
145
Zapatista AntiCapitalist Politics and the Other Campaign Learning from the Struggle for Indigenous Rights and Autonomy
149
Pachakutik and Indigenous Political Party Politics in Ecuador
163
Transnational Black Social Movements in Latin America AfroColombians and the Struggle for Human Rights
179
Politics Is Uma Coisinha de Mulher a Womans Thing Black Womens Leadership in Neighborhood Movements in Brazil
195
La Via Campesina Transnationalizing Peasant Struggle and Hope
305
Neoliberal Regionalism and Resistance in Mesoamerica Foro Mesoamericano Opposition to Plan PueblaPanamá and CAFTA
321
Challenges Ahead for Latin Americas Social Movements
335
References
341
Index
375
About the Contributors
391
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About the author (2008)

Richard Stahler-Sholk is associate professor of political science at Eastern Michigan University. Harry E. Vanden is professor of government and international affairs at the University of South Florida. Glen David Kuecker is associate professor of Latin American history at DePauw University.

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