Charte humanitaire et normes minimales pour les interventions lors de catastrophes

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Oxfam, 2004 - Social Science - 407 pages
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Natural disasters and armed conflicts leave millions of people in need of aid every year. To meet this challenge, humanitarian agencies must be committed more than ever to respect the rights, and meet the needs of disaster-affected people. In an international initiative aimed at improving the effectiveness and accountability of disaster response The Sphere Handbook sets out what people affected by disasters have a right to expect from humanitarian agencies. The cornerstone of this book is the Humanitarian Charter which is based on the principles and provisions of international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law and on the principles of the Red Cross and NGO Code of Conduct. It describes the core principles that govern humanitarian action and asserts the right of populations to protection and assistance. The Charter is followed by minimum standards in five core sectors - water supply and sanitation, nutrition, food aid, shelter and site planning and health services. (French language version)

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Page 132 - La sécurité alimentaire existe lorsque tous les êtres humains ont, à tout moment, un accès physique et économique à une nourriture suffisante, saine et nutritive, leur permettant de satisfaire leurs besoins énergétiques et leurs préférences alimentaires pour mener une vie saine et active.
Page 35 - ... pour des raisons de race, de religion, de nationalité, d'appartenance à un groupe social...
Page 34 - Unies; b) de même, l'Ouganda viole continuellement les conventions de Genève de 1949 et leurs protocoles additionnels de 1977, bafouant ainsi les règles élémentaires du droit international humanitaire dans les zones de conflits, se rendant également coupable de violations massives des droits de l'homme au mépris du droit coutumier le plus élémentaire; c) plus spécifiquement, en s'emparant par la force du barrage hydroélectrique...
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Page 242 - Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance, Programme...

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