Leadership in the Salvation Army: A Case Study in Clericalisation
'Leadership in The Salvation Army' is a review and analysis of Salvation Army history, focused on the process of clericalisation. The Army provides a case study of the way in which renewal movements in the church institutionalise. Their leadership roles, initially merely functional and based on the principle of the 'priesthood of all believers', begin to assume greater status. the adoption of the term 'ordination' for the commissioning of The Salvation Army's officers in 1978, a hundred years after its founding, illustrates this tendency. The Salvation Army's ecclesiology has been essentially pragmatic and has developed in comparative isolation from the wider church, perhaps with a greater role being played by sociological processes than by theological reflection in its development. The Army continues to exhibit a tension between its theology, which supports equality of status, and its military structure, which works against equality, and both schools of thought flourish within its ranks.
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Albert Orsborn apostolic apostolic succession appointment Army's authority Auxiliary Captains baptism believers bishops Bramwell Booth Bryan Wilson Catherine Booth Catherine Bramwell Booth century Chapter Christ Christian Mission Church claim clergy clerical clericalisation Colonel Commissioner Conference of Leaders Corps Council covenant denominations described distinction Divisional doctrine Earl Robinson ecclesiology Envoys equality Eucharist evangelical evangelists faith Field Officers Frederick Coutts full-time function Gowans Holy institutionalised International John John Gowans John Larsson laity leadership letter London Major married Methodist ministers movement non-officer officer's officership ordained ministry Orders and Regulations ordination organisation pastoral practice preaching priest priesthood priestly question quoted Railton rank recognised referred Reformation Religion religious responsibility role sacraments Salvation Army officers Salvationist Sandall sect sectarian Servants Shaw Clifton social Sociology spiritual Staff status structure suggested Territorial Commander theology traditional vocation Wilfred Kitching William Booth wives women officers word wrote Zealand