Leatherwork from Qasr Ibrim (Egypt). Part I: Footwear from the Ottoman Period
Throughout its long history, stretching from the 25th Dynasty (c. 752-656 BC) to the Ottoman Period (c. 1500-1811 AD), Qasr Ibrim was one of the most important settlements in Egyptian Nubia. The site has produced an unprecedented wealth of material and due to the – even for Egypt – extraordinary preservation circumstances, includes objects that are made of perishable organic materials, such as wood, leather, and flax.The present volume focuses on one of these groups: footwear that is made from leather and dated to the Ottoman Period. The footwear, recovered during the years that the Egypt Exploration Society worked at the site, is described in detail, including a pictorial record consisting of photographs and drawings (both technical and artist's impressions). This is the first time that Ottoman footwear from Egypt (and outside of Egypt) has been analyzed in detail. The preliminary analysis focuses on footwear technology, within the framework of the Ancient Egyptian Footwear Project (AEFP; see www.leatherandshoes.nl). A broader interpretation will be combined with the results of the analyses of the finds from the other epochs of Qasr Ibrim's history, such as the age of Christianity and the Meroitic Period.
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_ _ Edge back seam back strap Category XII Context _ Remarks Dorsal and ventral dorsal Figure double front strap edge binding f t f l ﬁgure ﬁnds ﬂax stitches ﬂoor footwear fragment Museum fragment of British fragment of sole heel Identification Context insert insole lace attachment area leather stitches leather thong stitches Location Type Description n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Nubian Object Location Type Obverse and reverse ofthe Ottoman patch pre-strap Qasr Ibrim ragmen rand re-use remants British Remarks Tanning Object repair reverse Figure Roundel running stitch sandal Scrap secured Shape Sole Layers shoe sole British Sole Layers Group Sole seam uncertain sole with remants sole/upper stitch holes Tannin Test Remarks Tanning Object Location Test Remarks Current text figure thickness treadsole turnshoe Uppe Vamp Backpart upper fill upper Museum Vamp Backpart Remarks vamp extension Variant Veldmeijer Ventral and dorsal ventral Figure whip stitches y[es