The Legacy of the Great War: Ninety Years On

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Jay Winter
University of Missouri Press, Oct 26, 2009 - History - 240 pages
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In late 2007 and early 2008, world-renowned historians gathered in Kansas City for a series of public forums on World War I. Each of the five events focused on a particular topic and featured spirited dialogue between its prominent participants.

In spontaneous exchanges, the eminent scholars probed each other’s arguments, learned from each other, and provided insights not just into history but also into the way scholars think about their subject alongside and at times in conflict with their colleagues. Representing a fourth generation of writers on the Great War and a transnational rather than an international approach, prominent historians Niall Ferguson and Paul Kennedy, Holger Afflerbach and Gary Sheffield, John Horne and Len Smith, John Milton Cooper and Margaret MacMillan, and Jay Winter and Robert Wohl brought to the proceedings an exciting clash of ideas. The forums addressed topics about the Great War that have long fascinated both scholars and the educated public: the origins of the war and the question of who was responsible for the escalation of the July Crisis; the nature of generalship and military command, seen here from the perspectives of a German and a British scholar; the private soldiers’ experiences of combat, revealing their strategies of survival and negotiation; the peace-making process and the overwhelming pressures under which statesmen worked; and the long-term cultural consequences of the war—showing that the Great War was “great” not merely because of its magnitude but also because of its revolutionary effects. These topics continue to reverberate, and in addition to shedding new light on the subjects, these forums constitute a glimpse at how historical writing happens. American society did not suffer the consequences of the Great War that virtually all European countries knew—a lack of perspective that the National World War I Museum seeks to correct. This book celebrates that effort, helping readers feel the excitement and the moral seriousness of historical scholarship in this field and drawing more Americans into considering how their own history is part of this story.
 

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Contents

Approaching the History of the Great War A Users Guide Jay Winter
1
War Origins Niall Ferguson Paul Kennedy
33
Waging Total War Learning Curve or Bleeding Curve? Holger Afflerbach Gary Sheffield
61
The Soldiers War Coercion or Consent? John Horne Len Smith
91
Ending the Great War The Peace That Failed? John Milton Cooper Margaret MacMillan
123
The Great War Midwife to Modern Memory? Jay Winter Robert Wohl
159
Epilogue Hew Strachan All Souls College Oxford
185
Notes
199
Select Bibliography
205
Index
213
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About the author (2009)

Jay Winter is Professor of History at Yale University and author or editor of many books, the most recent being Remembering War: The Great War between Memory and History in the Twentieth Century. He lives in Guilford, Connecticut.

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