Legal Tools and Incentives for Private Lands Conservation in Latin America: Building Models for Success

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Environmental Law Institute, 2003 - Science - 206 pages
This publication describes the use of legal tools and incentives mechanisms for the conservation of private lands in Latin America, and assesses their implementation record. It reviews both mandatory provisions and the use of voluntary instruments such as easements and private reserve designations that have grown in use since the early 1990s. It ends with recommendations for an improved framework for private lands conservation, and presents model laws for the creation of private reserves and conservation easements.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Need for Private Lands Conservation in Latin America
3
B Supporting PublicPrivate Partnerships to Conserve Large Landscapes through Buffer Zones Conservation Corridors and Assisting the Conservation...
4
C Promoting Sustainable Use of Natural Resource
5
D Limitations of Private Lands Conservation
6
An Overview of Private Lands Conservation in Latin America
8
The Legal Context of Private Lands Conservation in Latin America
11
B Land Invasion and the Requirement to make SocioEconomic Use of land
12
3 Mixed Publicprivate Protected Areas
33
4 Private Lands that are Inholdings within Public Protected Areas
35
Incentives for Private Lands Conservation
36
B Economic Incentives
37
The Way Forward Models for Success
38
B Strengthen Juridical Security of Conservation Lands Including Reform of Land Tenure Laws and Improved Law Enforcement
39
C Establish Economic Incentives for Private Lands Conservation
40
F Increase PublicPrivate Collaboration in the Management and Conservation of Protected Lands and Particularly PublicPrivate Protected Areas
41

C Implications for Private Lands Conservation
13
Voluntary Methods to Protect Private Lands in Latin America
14
A Land Purchase and Ownership by a Conservation NGO
15
B Formal Private Reserves
16
2 Private Reserve Systems in Practice
17
3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Private Reserves
20
C Easements
21
2 History and Use of Easements
22
3 Barriers to the Wider Use of Easements
24
D Informal Private Protected Areas
25
F Donation or Transfer of Lands to a Public Park System
27
G Community Accords
28
H Other Private Land Conservation Mechanisms
29
3 Conditional Donations and Legacies
30
Involuntary Conservation Restrictions on the Use of Private Land
31
2 Conservation restrictions
32
Conclusion
42
Country Reports
43
Bolivia
49
Brazil
61
Canada
79
Chile
83
Costa Rica
103
Ecuador
121
Guatemala
137
Mexico
143
Paraguay
161
Peru
167
United States
177
Appendix on Model Laws
185
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

James McElfish is a Senior Attorney at The Environmental Law Institute.

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