Levels of cognitive complexity: an approach to the measurement of thinking
This research monograph describes a new approach to the measurement of thinking processes. The author begins with a discussion of the logic of thought versus the psychology of thinking. Traditionally, thinking has been defined in terms of the logical thought processes which lead to warranted conclusions. The psychological processes, on the other hand, involve the individual's perceptions, intentions and information-processing strategies. Traditional logical approaches appear to be most suitable for analysis of thinking in "formal" highly structured problem situations. Current tests of critical thinking reflect the "logical" approaches to measuring thinking; two tests of this type are evaluated by the author. The authors define the information-processing approach to measurement of thinking, which emphasizes the way situational information is perceived, selected, organized and interpreted. Using this approach, the authors have developed two interpretive exercises, The Holocaust and The Bomb Factories. The results of a number of studies conducted with these exercises are presented, and future work is projected.
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Other Measures of Cognitive Ability and Thinking Processes
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ability Achievement Test alternatives American analogies analysis answer Appeals to authority approach argument broad concepts California Achievement Test causal cognitive complexity cognitive processes construct Cornell Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Appraisal Critical Thinking Essay Critical Thinking Test discourse structure Educational Educational Psychologist elaboration embedded rhetorical predicates Ennis Ennis-Weir Critical Thinking evaluation statements example explanations framework grade happen Hitler Holocaust ideas individual integrated interpretive exercises Jewish Jews Journal kill levels of cognitive levels of thinking lexical predicates Likert scale lntegrates logical lSTEP material McDaniel measure of thinking Nazis nodes nuclear waste nuclear weapons Orientation to Learning Pearl Harbor perception perspective plants position presented problem situation Psychology reasoning reflect relationships Research sample school achievement Schroder scoring rationale Simon Wiesenthal Center simplifies the situation simplistic strand describes subtests Table tape Teachers Thinking Essay Test typical item Variables Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking world knowledge writing York