Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal State

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 30, 1991 - Philosophy - 343 pages
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This book is a major contribution to the current theory of liberalism by an eminent political theorist. It challenges the views of such theorists as Rawls, Dworkin, and Ackerman who believe that the essence of liberalism is that it should remain neutral concerning different ways of life and individual conceptions of what is good or valuable. Professor Galston argues that the modern liberal state is committed to a distinctive conception of the human good, and to that end has developed characteristic institutions and practices--representative governments, diverse societies, market economies, and zones of private action--in the pursuit of specific public purposes that give unity to the liberal state. These purposes guide liberal public policy, shape liberal justice, require the practice of liberal virtues, and rest on a liberal public culture. Consequently the diversity characteristic of liberal societies is limited by their institutional, personal, and cultural preconditions.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Contemporary critics of liberalism
42
Liberalism and the neutral state
79
Liberalism and neutral public discourse
98
Moral personality and liberal theory
118
Pluralism and social unity
140
Liberal goods
165
Liberal justice
191
Liberal virtues
213
Civic education
241
Public virtue and religion
257
Partisanship and inclusion
290
Notes
305
Index
337
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Page 326 - Michael Sandel, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982), and Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989). 25. In his article "The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism,
Page 326 - Robert A. Dahl, A Preface to Democratic Theory (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956), p.

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About the author (1991)

William A. Galston is Saul Stern Professor at the School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland

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