Liberal Equality

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CUP Archive, Sep 30, 1980 - Philosophy - 318 pages
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This book makes a significant contribution to the tradition of liberal political theory: it explores the foundations and limits of the idea of equality within that theory and offers a sustained argument for a persuasive new view of liberalism. Liberal thinking has always displayed a tension between the claims of liberty and those of equality. Professor Gutmann examines the contributions of liberal theorists from Locke to Rawls on the subject of two kinds of equality - equality of opportunity to participate and the equal distribution of economic goods. Valuing both, she shows that, far from being alternatives, the two ideals are compatible to a much greater degree than has previously been thought. Liberal Equality restores egalitarianism to political theory in a way that will forcefully challenge its critics to deeper reflection.
 

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Contents

THE CLASSICAL LIBERAL FOUNDATIONS
18
Equal rationality
27
The convergence of the two equalities
41
Chapter 2
48
the tension
54
economic life
63
Chapter 3
69
Two faces of socialism
75
Selfrespect and the fair value of liberty
135
Rawls and utilitarianism
141
The libertarian critique
156
Equality and the nature of justification
167
Chapter 7
173
The argument for compulsory equal participation
183
Community control of schools
191
Realms of participation and realms of constitutional
197

Crosland and Crossman
86
Chapter 4
96
Needs and economic distribution
98
Consent and political power
105
Beyond the logic of relevant reasons
114
Equality and the original position
120
The difference principle and equality
129
Industrial democracy
203
Bureaucracy professionalism and participation
209
THE LIMITS OF LIBERAL EGALITARIAN POLITICS
218
Notes
231
Bibliography
289
Index
307
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