Life-Cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 12, 2011 - Technology & Engineering - 226 pages
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Life-Cycle Assessment of Semiconductors presents the first and thus far only available transparent and complete life cycle assessment of semiconductor devices. A lack of reliable semiconductor LCA data has been a major challenge to evaluation of the potential environmental benefits of information technologies (IT). The analysis and results presented in this book will allow a higher degree of confidence and certainty in decisions concerning the use of IT in efforts to reduce climate change and other environmental effects. Coverage includes but is not limited to semiconductor manufacturing trends by product type and geography, unique coverage of life-cycle assessment, with a focus on uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of energy and global warming missions for CMOS logic devices, life cycle assessment of flash memory and life cycle assessment of DRAM. The information and conclusions discussed here will be highly relevant and useful to individuals and institutions.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Semiconductor LCI Methods
13
Chapter 3 Semiconductor Manufacturing Trends in Product Type and Geography
27
Chapter 4 LifeCycle Energy and Global Warming Emissions of CMOS Logic
37
Chapter 5 LifeCycle Assessment of CMOS Logic
69
Chapter 6 LifeCycle Assessment of Flash Memory
87
Chapter 7 LifeCycle Assessment of Dynamic Random Access Memory
97
The Road Ahead
109
Manufacturing Inventory and Impact Data
113
Appendix B Flash Memory Life Cycle Inventory and Impact Results
151
Appendix C DRAM Life Cycle Inventory and Impact Results
179
References
213
Index
220
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