Life in the cold: an introduction to winter ecology
This explanation of adaptions to winter conditions by plants, animals and humans has been expanded to include plant-animal interactions, insects, amphibians and polar marine fishes, and the conducting of experiments in the cold.
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Life in the cold: an introduction to winter ecologyUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
Winter presents unique challenges to living things. Marchand (ecology, Johnson State Coll.), describes the interrelationship of plants and animals in the winter environment. In true scientific fashion ... Read full review
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absorption acclimation acclimatization activity adaptation air temperature ambient animal antifreeze antifreeze proteins aquatic Arctic Bergmann's Rule birch birds blood body temperature brown fat browsing cell changes cold conifers cooling decrease density diffusion ectotherms effect energetic energy exotherm exposed exposure extracellular fishes foliage forest Freeze Avoidance freezing point freezing resistance freezing tolerance frog glycerol gradient growth heat loss heat production hibernation homeotherms ice crystals ice formation increase insects insulation latent heat leaf levels low temperatures lower mammals Marchand mechanism membrane metabolic rate metamorphism molecules nonshivering northern occurs Oecologia organisms overwintering oxygen perature photosynthesis Physiology poikilotherms proteins R. E. Lee reduced response result season shivering small mammals snow surface snowcover snowpack snowshoe hares spruce stomates subfreezing temperatures subnivean subnivean environment supercooling surface area survival thermal conductivity thermogenesis thermoregulation tion tissue trees vole warm water column water loss water vapor wind winter ecology woody plants xylem