Limits of Rightness
Do cultural artifacts admit of only one single admissible interpretation? Or do they admit of several admissible interpretations? If so, do such multiple interpretations arise only in connection with the material world? And what is the relation between such ideals of interpretation and the ontology of their objects? In this searching book Krausz considers the conditions under which singularism obtains (where one and only one interpretation is admissible), the conditions under which multiplism obtains (where more than one interpretation is admissible), and, finally the conditions under which neither singularism nor multiplism obtain, hence the "limits of rightness." When considering the relation between interpretive ideals and the ontology of interpreted objects, Krausz explores and develops varieties of realism, constructivism, and constructive realism. Finally, Krausz extends the notions of singularism and mutliplism to directional life paths and projects. In the course of his treatment Krausz considers such diverse examples as the paintings of Anselm Kiefer, Cristo's Wrapped Reichstag, Indian burial rites, Hindu and Buddhist soteriologies, as well as middle-sized objects and sub-atomic particles. And he considers contributions of such thinkers as John Searle, Nelson Goodman, Rom Harre, Bernard Harrison and Patricial Hanna, Fritz Wallner, Hilary Putnam, Chhanda Gupta, Joseph Margolis, David Norton, and Martha Nussbaum.
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Ideals of Interpretation Singularism versus Multiplism
A Multiplist and an Example Margolis and the Kiefer Paintings
That Which Is Interpreted
Realism and Constructivism
Toward a Constructive Realism
Constructive Realists I Harré
Constructive Realists II Harrison and Hanna and Wallner
Constructive Realists III Putnam and Gupta
Constructive Realists IV Margolis
affirm aim of interpretation Anselm Kiefer answer apparatus artworks Buddhist claim compatible concepts conceptual schemes construal construction of real constructive realism constructivist context conventional countable cultural entities Dalai Lama determinate distinction elucidatory essential example external constructive realist further object Ganges River Gupta Harre Harrison and Hanna Hindu Hinduism human ideally admissible interpretation identity imputed incongruent independent indeterminacy indeterminate inherent existence inner necessity intentional objects Intentionality internal realism interpretive activity intrinsic single-aim view jects Joseph Margolis Kiefer Lobsang Gyatso Margolis's metaphysical multiple-aims multiplist condition nature Norton noumenal Nussbaum object of interpretation object-as-represented objects as represented one's ontologies pertinent phenomena physical pluralism practices pretation properties Putnam question R. G. Collingwood real objects realism and constructivism reality realization Relativism representation-independent rider of alternativity second-order sense singularism and multiplism singularism or multiplism singularist soteriologies Stecker Swami Shyam symbol systems terpretation theory things Thom Thom's tion understanding Wallner world-apparatus world-stuff