Linguistic authority, language ideology, and metaphor: the Czech orthography wars
How does a country find itself 'at war' over spelling? This book focuses on the linguistic history of a nation at the crossroads of Europe. Bermel explores the way various factors including linguistic theory, cultural authority, political ideology in the communist and post-communist era, and a long tradition of language intervention contributed in the late twentieth century to the formation of two diametrically opposing mindsets about Czech spelling and orthographic reform in general. The shifting power bases and strategies of the various players in the early 1990s receive a full treatment, as does the conscious and unconscious manipulation of metaphors about language and language planning in these struggles.
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Standard Czech in its social and linguistic setting
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Addendum authority Azeri Baroque Bohemia borrowed words century ceskeho Cesky denik changes chapter codified communication communist conceptual metaphor consonant context Czech lands Czech Language Institute Czech Orthography Czech Republic Czech spelling Czechoslovak debate dialects dictionary discussion early example fact favour foreign words functionalism functionalists German grammar grapheme guage Havranek Hlavsa ideology interview issues jazyk language planning language regulation Latin letters Lidove noviny Literdrni noviny Martincova matter metaphor Michal Ajvaz Ministry Mladd fronta dnes morphology Nase fec newspapers norm opinion orthographic commission orthographic reform Petr Petr Sgall phoneme political Prague Prague School Pravidla pravopisu principles pronunciation proposed published purists revision Rules of Czech Russian school edition script Sedlacek Sgall Slovak Slovo social society spelling reform spoken standard Czech standard language teachers Telegraf texts tion traditional usage users variety verbs vowel length writing written ZN noviny