Liquid Crystal - Applications and Uses
World Scientific, 1991 - Science - 452 pages
This book reviews comprehensively the technological, scientific, artistic and medical applications of liquid crystals. It starts with the basics of liquid crystals and covers electro-optical, thermo-optical, colour, polymeric, lyotropic, and scientific applications of liquid crystalline materials. It discusses the fabrication and operational principles of a full range of liquid crystal displays including dynamic scattering, twisted nematic, supertwisted nematic, dichroic, smectic A, ferroelectric, polymer dispersed, light valve, active matrix, etc., in detail. It also covers the emerging applications of liquid crystals such as optical computing, nonlinear optics, decorative and visual arts. Classification, theory, chemical structure, physical properties and surface alignment of liquid crystals have detailed chapters to facilitate the basic understanding of the science behind LCDs and other uses of liquid crystals. The chapters, liquid crystal polymers and lyotropic liquid crystals, give deep insight into these areas. The potential uses and applications are also described in detail.
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absorption Acta alignment angle anisotropy applications axis bilayer Biochim biomembranes Biophys blue cell Chem cholesteric liquid crystals cholesteric phases cholesterol Chromatogr chromatography coating colour matching functions component cones contrast ratio Cryst crystal stationary phases curve dependent dichroic dichroism display Echteld effect electronic excimer fatty acids Figure filter Friberg hexagonal hydrocarbon hydrocarbon chains illumination increase isotropic isotropic phase Kruijff layer LCDs light lipid liquid crystal displays liquid crystal stationary liquid crystalline luminance lyotropic matrix measured membrane mesophase mixture molecular molecules nematic nematic phases normal observed obtained optical order parameters orientation phase transition photopic Phys pigment polarized properties reaction reflection band region resonance retina rods sample sensitivity smectic smectic phases solute solvent spectra spectral power distribution spectroscopy spectrum stratum corneum structure studies substrate surface surfactant techniques transition temperature tristimulus values vibrations visual