This is a provocative contribution to the current debate about the best delimitation of semantics and pragmatics. Is 'What is said' determined by linguistic conventions, or is it an aspect of 'speaker's meaning'? Do we need pragmatics to fix truth-conditions? What is 'literal meaning'? To what extent is semantic composition a creative process? How pervasive is context-sensitivity? Recanati provides an original and insightful defence of 'contextualism', and offers an informed survey of the spectrum of positions held by linguists and philosophers working at the semantics/pragmatics interface.
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Two approaches to what is said
13 Literal truthconditions vs actual truthconditions
14 A problem for Minimalism
15 The availability of what is said
16 The availability based approach
17 Saying as a pragmatic notion
18 Availability vs Minimalism
From Literalism to Contextualism
64 Literalist responses to the contextualist challenge
65 Where Indexicalism and Contextualism meet
Indexicalism and the Binding Fallacy
72 Two criteria
Primary pragmatic processes
22 Rejecting the Gricean picture
24 Objections and responses
25 Interactive processing
26 The role of schemata
32 Personal and subpersonal inferences
33 Implicature or enrichment?
34 Mutual adjustment of explicature and implicature
35 Implicated premisses
occurrent vs dispositional
The Syncretic View
the literalist picture
43 Semantic underdeterminacy
44 The minimal proposition as common denominator
45 Interaction between saturation and optional pragmatic processes
46 Do we need the minimal proposition?
47 The reflexive proposition
52 Nonliteral uses and secondary meaning
53 Nonminimal departures without secondariness
54 The transparency condition
55 Varieties of nonliteral meaning
56 Internal vs external duality
73 The indexicalist challenge
74 Is the Binding Criterion reliable?
75 Variadic functions
76 The Binding Fallacy
the failure of Indexicalism
Circumstances of evaluation
82 Time and tense
84 Saturation or enrichment?
85 Subsentential circumstances
Contextualism how far can we go?
92 The semantic relevance of modulation
93 Four approaches
from Waismanns open texture to Searles background
95 Ostensive definitions
96 Meaning Eliminativism
102 Remnants of Literalism
103 Availability Minimalism and the dispositionaloccurrent contrast
accessible argument argument-role asserted Bach Barbara Partee Carpintero Carston circumstance of evaluation Cognitive complete proposition context-sensitive contextual ingredient contextualist contextually assigned contextually provided contrast conversational implicatures Deirdre Wilson derived determined distinction Eliminativism Everywhere I go example explicature explicit express a complete free enrichment free variable Grice Gricean ham sandwich hearer Herb Clark implied indexical indexicalist inference inferential instance of saturation intuitive involves Jason Stanley John John Searle Kent Bach linguistic meaning literal interpretation literal meaning literalist logical form m-literal metonymical minimal proposition minimalist modal modulation notion object Occam's Razor Ostensive definitions phrase Polysemy possible worlds predicate premiss primary pragmatic processes proposition expressed quantifier domain restriction rains Recanati reference reflexive proposition relation representation role Scott Soames semantic content semantic value sense situation speaker speaker's meaning Sperber Stanley sub-personal Syncretic View target-situation tense tense logic thing truth-conditional content truth-values unarticulated constituent underdeterminacy University Press utterance variadic function verb words