Lithium Niobate: Defects, Photorefraction and Ferroelectric Switching

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 13, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 250 pages
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This book covers new research on LiNbO3 including current studies on intrinsic and extrinsic point defects and the contribution of intrinsic defects to photoinduced charge transport. Applications of this material are also discussed.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Point Defects in LiNbO3
9
21 Intrinsic Defect Structure of LiNbO3
10
22 Point Defects Induced in LiNbO3 by a Reduction Treatment and the Polaron Model
14
23 Hydrogen in the LiNbO3 Lattice
24
24 Photorefractive and Relative Impurity Ions in the LiNbO3 Lattice
27
25 OpticalDamageResistant NonPhotorefractive Impurity Ions in the LiNbO3 Lattice and Their Impact on the Incorporation of Other Impurity Ions
34
252 Effect of OpticalDamageResistant Impurities on the Incorporation of Other Impurity Ions
44
521 Basics and the Theoretical Approach of Thermal Fixing
118
522 Experimental Studies in the Thermal Fixing
127
523 Thermal Fixing of Holograms in Other Photorefractive Materials
132
524 Attempts of Practical Applications of Thermal Hologram Fixing in LiNbO3
135
525 Conclusions for Thermal Hologram Fixation
137
Properties to Characterize Undoped and OpticalDamageResistant LiNbO3 Crystals
138
612 UV Absorption Edge
142
613 Homogeneity
143

253 OHSpectra in OpticalDamageResistant LiNbO3 Crystals
48
General Introduction to Photorefraction in LiNbO3
51
31 Background with Basic Relations
52
32 Photoinduced Charge Transport in LiNbO3 Crystals
58
321 Dark Conductivity in LiNbO3
59
322 OneCenter Charge Transport Scheme in LiNbO3
62
The Intrinsic Defects as Secondary Electron Traps
68
Photorefraction in LiNbO3 Crystals with Different Stoichiometry andor Doped with OpticalDamageResistant Impurities
75
41 Photorefractive Properties of NearStoichiometric LiNbO3 Crystals
76
42 Photorefraction in LiNbO3 Crystals Doped with OpticalDamageResistant Ions
82
Produced by ODRI in LiNbO3 Charge Transport Process in LiNbO3 Crystals Doped with ODRI
85
in OpticalDamageResistant LiNbO3 Crystals
94
424 LiNbO3 with OpticalDamageResistant Impurities as Media for the Photorefractive Recording
97
Problem of a NonErasable Photorefractive Hologram
103
512 TwoStep Recording via ShortLiving Centers Gating Process
106
513 TwoColor Recording in DoublyDoped Crystals
114
52 Thermal Hologram Fixation
117
63 PhaseMatching Temperature and Angle
148
64 ElectroOptic Properties
150
Polarization Reversal and Ferroelectric Domains in LiNbO3 Crystals
153
711 Phenomenological Description
154
712 Model Description of the Domain Dynamics and Ferroelectric Switching
161
713 Experimental Methods for Domain Studies and Polarization Kinetics
167
714 Background of the Optical Frequency Conversion in the Quasiphasematching QPM Regime
173
72 Ferroelectric Switching of LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Crystals
176
721 First Steps of Regular Domain Pattern Creation in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Crystals
177
722 Fundamental Role of the Composition in Ferroelectric Switching
181
723 Photoinduced Effects in Ferroelectric Switching of LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 Photodomain Effects
197
Microstructured Domain Patterns
200
725 Conclusion
209
References
213
Index
240
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