Little Slaves of the Harp: Italian Child Street Musicians in Nineteenth-Century Paris, London, and New York

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, Apr 24, 1992 - History - 208 pages
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The padrone were often known to the families of the children or were from the same villages. While some were cruel exploiters who compelled obedience through terror and abuse - a view promoted by a few, well-publicized cases - the lot of most of these children was similar to that of child apprentices and helpers in other trades. Public reactions to the child performers were different in each city and reflected the host society's view of the influx of foreign immigrants in general. Although England, France, and the United States developed legislation in the mid-nineteenth century to deal with children in factories, they did not attempt to regulate children in street trades until later in the century because they saw the work as a form of begging. The battle to get Italian child musicians off the street dragged on for years before legislation and new work opportunities - often as onerous as or worse than street performing - directed the children into new trades.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
1 Emigration and the Street Music Trade
17
2 Les Petits Italiens in Paris
42
3 The Organ Boys in London
76
4 The Little Slaves in New York
111
5 Italian Legislation 18681873
144
6 Conclusion
164
Appendix A
172
Appendix B
175
Notes
179
Bibliography
197
Index
206
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

McGill University, Canada

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