Loanwords in Silozi, Cinyanja, and Citonga
Mission Press, 1999 - Foreign Language Study - 103 pages
Newly available outside Africa, this is a comprehensive survey of loanwords that have been incorporated into three Zambian languages, commonly known as Lozi, Nyanja and Tonga. The book gives a list of loanwords from African and European languages into Zambia's major languages. The author additionally introduces the language and linguistic environment in Zambia. Specific to the issue of loanwords, the study raises questions about whether loanwords can be regarded as integral to the language in question; and whether besides the words recorded in this study, there are other foreign lexical items that deserve equal recognition as bona fide loanwords. The author anticipates that in the longer term this kind of information will materially assist the assemblage of data that will lead to the modernisation of Zambian languages, knowledge about the languages, in their spoken and written forms as living cultures, and the prospects of their ever expanding vocabularies.
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abbrev adoption in Bemba African languages African Social Research African Studies Afrik Afrikaans awazi bama Bantu languages Bemba boma borrowed word brand name bululu Cinyanja and Citonga Dictionary dispensary English Fanagalo fanta four Zambian languages Icibemba Indigenous Meaning Source innovation in four Institute for African Kabanga Kashoki kiloko Kiswahili language in question Language in Zambia Lexical innovation lexical items lexicon li-patela lingua franca linguistic lishumi lizoho Loanword Meaning Singular Loanword Singular Plural Lozi Lusaka Luyana languages mafuta maola mbale Meaning Singular Plural mowa Mubanga national population ndende noun class Nyanja language nyumba patterns of word phonological Plural Indigenous Meaning Plural Source Indigenous police prefix/ma present recipient language Roma Silozi Singular Plural Indigenous Singular Plural Source sociocultural Sources and patterns South Africa speakers speech community Swahili three languages Tonga town trokosi type of soap University of Zambia vocabulary word adoption word borrowing zero Zulu