Localising Salafism: Religious Change Among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia
The political transition in 1991 and the new regime s policy towards the ethnic and religious diversity in Ethiopia have contributed to increased activities from various Islamic reform movements. Among these, we find the Salafi movement which expanded rapidly throughout the 1990s, particularly in the Oromo-speaking south-eastern parts of the country. This book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale. Focusing on the diversified body of situated actors and their role in the process of religious change, it discusses the early arrival of Salafism in the late 1960s, follows it through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion of the movement in the 1990s. The movement s dynamics and the controversies emerging as a result of the reforms are discussed, particularly with reference to different understandings of sources for religious knowledge and the role of Islamic literacy.
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Chapter One Introduction
Chapter Two Salafism Localisation and Religious Change
Chapter Three The Islamisation of Southeast Ethiopia and Bale
Chapter Four The Religious Universe of the Oromo in Bale
Chapter Five The Emergence of Salafism in Bale
Chapter Six Responding to Salafism
Chapter Seven The Derg and Processes of Change
Chapter Eight Democratisation and Dawa
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19th century abbaa actors Addis Ababa Africa Agarfa Ahl al-Sunna movement Ahmad Gragn Aliyeh Amān Amhara Arabic areas argued Arsi Arsi Oromo aspect August Bale Zone became Braukämper 2002 Christian clan concept cultural daʿwa Derg Derg period Dirre Shaykh Husayn discussion Dodola emergence established Ethiopia ethnic expansion gadaa Ginir Goba Hajj Adam Hajj Husayn Auwwal Harar Hasan Hussein Ahmed ideological imām important interview 14 Islamisation issue jamāʿa karaama Khadīr locality Madrasa Mahmūd mawlid mawlid al-Nabī modernisation moreover mosque Muhammad-Amīn muuda Nūr mosque Obse Ibrāhīm organised Oromo language particular People’s pilgrimage pilgrims political practices process of religious qallu Qurʾān Raytu referred regime regime’s relation religion religious change rituals Robe Salafi Salafi movement Salafism in Bale Salafiyya Madrasa Saudi Arabia Sayyid senior Salafis Shaykh Abū Bakr Shaykh Ahmad shrines Sirāj social Somali Sufi tawhīd tion traditions Waaqa warra Whereas Wollo ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAbdallāhi ʿAlī ʿulamāʾ ʿUthmān