Louisiana Architecture, 1840-1860
Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2006 - Architecture - 491 pages
The third and final volume in Fred Daspits monumental series on Louisiana Architecture, this work seeks to document both the major and minor structures built from 1840 to 1860 in Louisiana and the adjacent Mississippi regions from Port Gibson to Woodville and the Gulf Coast. As anyone who has researched this particular era will realize, it is impossible to catalogue all buildings of historical or architectural interest in the state. Few of these structures have remained in the possession of the families that were instrumental in their inception or original construction. Some have been altered beyond recognition in attempts to adapt to changing styles and fashion, while others have ceased to serve their original purpose and are currently serving different needs. The styles of the homes covered in this book are as diverse as the people who built them. Louisiana is divided into a number of cultural regions, each with a distinct background, architecture, and social style. New Orleans presents the greatest profusion of periods, styles, and ethnic differences, yet is almost invariably characterized as French. The Felicianas have retained much of the character of the Eastern seaboard of the United States and reflect definite Anglo American tradition. North Louisianas hill country boasts of its Scots-Irish influences. Residents of southwestern Louisiana take pride in their heritage, referring to themselves as Acadians or Cajuns. There are also German, Irish, Italian, African-American, and Hispanic settlements, each maintaining a cultural distinctiveness, yet all blending into a unverified whole that is Louisiana. This process of cultural amalgamation is seen perhaps most clearly in the states architectural legacy.
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New Orleans in the 1850s
Public and Commercial Buildings in New Orleans
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arched architrave balusters balustrade Bayou Bayou Teche bays opening bedrooms blocking course brackets brick piers building built carved cast-iron rails ceiling center hall central entrance columns lining columns with molded constructed corner cottage cutwork dentil dentil course dining room divided Doric columns dormers double galleries double-hung windows egg-and-dart enclosed feet five bays flanked flat pilasters floor level fluted four French doors front and rear front chambers front gallery full entablature gabled roof gallery edges garconniere Greek Revival cottage ground hipped roof interior James Gallier kitchen lery Louisiana Madewood main block main facade main house mansion molded capitals original Orleans paneled Parish parlor pediment pilasters Plantation Home plinth blocks portico projecting rear facade rear gallery residence rise from floor rose second story second-story gallery served shuttered side elevations sidelights and transom square columns square wooden columns stories in height structure tablature towers two-storied umns walls windows opening wing