Low Dimensional Semiconductor Structures: Characterization, Modeling and Applications

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Hilmi Ünlü, Norman J. M. Horing
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 14, 2012 - Science - 162 pages
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Starting with the first transistor in 1949, the world has experienced a technological revolution which has permeated most aspects of modern life, particularly over the last generation. Yet another such revolution looms up before us with the newly developed capability to control matter on the nanometer scale. A truly extraordinary research effort, by scientists, engineers, technologists of all disciplines, in nations large and small throughout the world, is directed and vigorously pressed to develop a full understanding of the properties of matter at the nanoscale and its possible applications, to bring to fruition the promise of nanostructures to introduce a new generation of electronic and optical devices.
The physics of low dimensional semiconductor structures, including heterostructures, superlattices, quantum wells, wires and dots is reviewed and their modeling is discussed in detail. The truly exceptional material, Graphene, is reviewed; its functionalization and Van der Waals interactions are included here. Recent research on optical studies of quantum dots and on the physical properties of one-dimensional quantum wires is also reported. Chapters on fabrication of nanowire – based nanogap devices by the dielectrophoretic assembly approach. The broad spectrum of research reported here incorporates chapters on nanoengineering and nanophysics. In its presentation of tutorial chapters as well as advanced research on nanostructures, this book is ideally suited to meet the needs of newcomers to the field as well as experienced researchers interested in viewing colleagues’ recent advances.
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Advances in LowDimensional Semiconductor Structures
1
Chapter 2 Modeling of LowDimensional Semiconductors
19
Chapter 3 Graphene Properties and Theory
39
Chapter 4 Functionalization of Graphene Nanoribbons
69
Chapter 5 AtomMolecule van der Waals Interaction with Graphene
93
Chapter 6 Optical Studies of Semiconductor Quantum Dots
100
Chapter 7 Friedel Sum Rule in One and QuasiOneDimensional Wires
119
Chapter 8 Effects of Temperature on the Scattering Phases and Density of States in Quantum Wires
131
Chapter 9 Fabrication of Low Dimensional NanowireBased Devices using Dieletrophoresis
143
Index
161
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