Lowland Landscape Design: Guidelines
H.M. Stationery Office, Jan 1, 1992 - Forest landscape design - 56 pages
Lowland landscapes of Britain are characterized by varied landforms, cultivation patterns, settlements and communication networks - often showing great diversity over relatively short distances. New woodlands and cutting of old ones can make a dramatic effect on the landscape - but changes can be harmonious and mistakes avoided if they are planned with care and the long-term effects are accurately foreseen. This new set of guidelines presents an understanding of the landscape and guidance on how proposals for planting and other forest work can be designed in sympathy with the best features of the landscape.
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appear artiﬁcial assessed avoided belts beneﬁt boundaries Broadleaved Woodland canopy clear felling clumps coalescence colour conifers contrast coppice corridor create deer glades deﬁned difﬁcult dip slope diversity dominant downland effect elements emphasised enclosed enclosure existing woodland felled and replanted FELLING AND RESTOCKING felling coupes fences ﬁeld pattem ﬁrst ﬂat ﬂatter follow landform forest edge Forestry Commission geometric shapes give hedgerow pattem hedgerow trees high forest important inﬂuence irregular irregularly landscape character LANDSCAPE DESIGN GUIDELINES large scale larger layers layout look LOWLAND LANDSCAPE DESIGN margin mixtures natural open ground open space overlap pattern Phase Power lines recreation reﬂect regeneration retained ride ridges roads seen shape and scale shelter shelterbelts shrubs signiﬁcant silvicultural skyline slopes small scale small woods spaced groups species streamside strip structure surrounding symmetrically texture understorey uniﬁed valleys varied vegetation viewpoints views visual force visual impact wayleave width wildlife windthrow woodland edge woodland management