Nagarjuna: The Philosophy of the Middle Way
This is a completely new translation of Nagarjuna's major work, the Mulamadhyamakakarika, accompanied by a detailed annotation of each of the verses. The annotation identifies the metaphysical theories of the scholastics criticized by Nagarjuna, and traces the source material and the arguments utilized in his refutation back to the early discourses of the Buddha.
The Introduction presents a completely new hypothesisthe nature of the treatise. The work is a grand commentary on the Buddha's "Discourse to Katyayana" (Kaccayanaqotta-sutta). The concluding part of the Introduction compares the teachings of the Buddha and Nagarjuna in regard to epistemology, ontology, ethics and philosophy of language indicating how the latter was making a determined attempt to reconstruct the Buddha's teachings in a very faithful manner, avoiding the substantialist metaphysics of the scholastics.
The book shows that Nagarjuna's ideas are neither original nor are they an advancement from the early Buddhist period. Nagarjuna is not a Mahayanist.
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Abhidharma absolute action aggregates analysis anatman anatta annihilationism appeasement arisen arising and ceasing artitva assertion assumed atman bbava bbavet bondage Buddha Buddhist Buddhist metaphysicians Candrakirti causal cause cessation chapter conception context criticism dbarma deﬁlements deﬁned deﬁnition denial dependent arising difﬁculties dispositions distinction doctrine dubkba early discourses effect empirical emptiness entity evident existence and non-existence experience explained ﬁnal finyata ﬁre and fuel ﬁrst ﬁve four noble truths grasping human personality identity impermanent implies Inada interpretation juna karma katbam Katyayana life-process lust Mahayana material form metaphysical metaphysical views metaphysicians MKV(IO MKV(P MKV(V moral mover Nagar Nagarjuna narti nirvana non-substantiality notion obsessions other-nature paramartba pba/am perceives perception permanent and eternal perversions phenomena philosophical praﬁtyaramutpada pratyaya present verse psychophysical personality question ramrara recognized referred rejected relation Sarvastivada Sautrantikas self-causation self-nature rvabbava signiﬁcant speciﬁcally statement substance rvabbava substantial substantialist suffering Tairba tatbagata terms of self-nature theory Theravada tion truth Vasubandhu Vatsiputriyas vidyate yadi