METHODS IN MEDICAL ETHICS: Critical Perspectives

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OUP USA, Aug 23, 2012 - Medical - 253 pages
Over the last several decades, bioethicists have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including: principlism, wide reflective equilibrium, casuistry, feminism, virtue theory, narrative, and others. Much of this advocacy overlooks the limitations of the favored method, and also neglects the strengths found in alternative approaches. Tom Tomlinson systematically uncovers and evaluates both the strengths and limits of a variety of ethical tools, and in so doing develops a comprehensive appreciation of the roles that various methods can play in deepening our understanding of ethical problems in medicine, and in supporting well-grounded judgments about what to do. He critically evaluates each method to identify both limits and advantages, which he then illustrates through discussion of specific cases and controversies. Tomlinson not only demonstrates that there is no single method adequate to the task, but tries to develop an informed eclecticism that knows how to pick the right tool for the right job. All those engaged in thinking about bioethical theories will find Tomlinson's work important reading.
 

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Contents

1 The Indispensability of Principles
1
2 The Limits of Principles
22
Balancing Specification and Reflective Equilibrium
47
Ruled by Cases
84
The Uses of Stories
115
6 Feminism Context and Care
150
7 Virtue Theory
185
8 Fitting Methods to Cases
213
INDEX
237
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About the author (2012)


Tom Tomlinson has been writing, speaking and teaching on a wide variety of issues in medical ethics since 1981. He has provided clinical ethics consultation for several hospitals in Michigan, and advised on policy for a variety of health care institutions. His work on determinations of death and futile resuscitation have significantly affected medical practice and policy.

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